Classic Philosophical Questions: PHIL 1301: Introduction to Philosophy Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by kathy_holleman
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Mid-term study guide.
updated 11 years ago by kathy_holleman
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philosophy
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1

What is the area of philosophy that investigates the nature, sources, limitations, and validity of knowledge.

Epistemology
(study of knowledege)

2

What is the state of reality?

Metaphysics

3

What is the study of values?

Axiology

4

What is the approximation of thought to reality?

Truth

5

What is knowledge?

a)True belief which is based on farther knowledge.
b)Justified True Belief.
c)True Judgement with an account.

6

What is in epistemology, a particular kind of statement in which the predicate merely spells out what the subject implies, for example, "a bachelor is an unmarried man."

Analytic belief

7

What is a belief that could not be wrong; self justified or basic.

Foundational belief

8

What is an argument where if all the premises are true, the conclusion is probably true, unlikely (though possible) for all premises to be true and the conclusion false.

Inductive strength (risky inference)

9

What is an argument where if the premises are all true, than the conclusion must be true. or Impossible for all premises to be true and the conclusion false.

Deductive validity (risk free inference)

10

What are the implications of and objections to the Divine Command Theory?

...

11

What philosopy is supposed to be?

Critical inquiry concering fundamental issuess with an goal for aquiring wisdom.

12

What are the lessons learned from the Presocratics?

1) We get at the truth through reason.
2) Progress can come through criticism.
3) Good philosophy can have value false claims.

13

What the Sophists believed?

The truth of any claims is relative to the beliefs/attitudes of the speaker.

14

What claims were made by Socrates?

...