Macromolecule Matching Review Game Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by slaurence
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updated 9 years ago by slaurence
Grade levels:
9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade
Subjects:
biology
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1

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate

2

Protein

Protein

3

Lipid

Lipid

4

Nucleic Acid

Nucleic Acid

5

Nucleic Acid Location

In the nucleus of every cell

6

Nucleic Acid (Nucleotide Structure)

Made of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base

7

Protein Monomer

Amino Acid

8

Protein Function

Enables muscular movement, forms your hair and fingernails, carries oxygen in your blood, controls brain signaling, helps you digest food, helps copy genes, defends your body against bacteria and viruses, and transmits signals into and out of cells.

9

Protein Types

Muscle, Structural, Transport, Signaling, Enzymes, Cellular Construction Workers (cell growth), Antibodies (Defensive), and Cellular Messengers

10

Foods Containing Protein

Eggs, Milk, Yogurt, Dairy, Fish/Seafood, Soy, Nuts, Pork, and Chicken/Turkey.

11

Carbohydrate Types

Monosaccharides (Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose), Disaccharides (Sucrose and Lactose) , and Polysaccharides (Starch, Glycogen, and Cellulose).

12

Carbohydrate Monomer

Monosaccharide

13

Lipid Characteristics

A.K.A. fats, oils, and waxes and fat-soluble (hydrophobic or "water-fearing"), meaning that they CANNOT dissolve in water

14

Lipid Monomer

Glycerol + 3 Fatty Acid Chains

15

Lipid Types

Triglyceride, Steroid (Cholesterol), and Phospholipid

16

Lipid Function

Long-term energy storage, hormones which initiate specific chemical reactions, and form the cellular membrane

17

Carbohydrate Essential Elements

Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen

18

Protein Essential Elements

Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Sulfur

19

Lipid Essential Elements

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen

20

Nucleic Acid Essential Elements

Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Phosphorous

21

Nucleic Acid Function

Pass down genes from generation to generation

22

Nucleic Acid Monomer

Nucleotide

23

Nucleic Acid Types

RNA (Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, and Guanine) and DNA (Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, and Cytosine)

24

Protein Structure

Includes amino acids connected into long polymers called polypeptide chains.

Levels of Structure: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary

25

Protein Location

Hair and Fingernails, Blood, Brain and Nerve Cells, Saliva, Stomach, Small Intestine, Cells, Muscle, and Stud the Surface of Your Cells (Cell Membrane)

26

Foods Containing Carbohydrates

Pasta, Bread, Cookies, Cereal, Candy, Crackers, Fruits, Vegetables, Table Sugar, Milk, Dairy, and Grains.

27

Carbohydrate Functions

**Provides short-term, quick energy.

-Starch = storage form of energy in plants
-Glycogen = storage form of energy in humans and animals
-Cellulose = provides dietary fiber for human and animals; structural support for plant cells

28

Carbohydrate Structure

5- to 6-carbon rings with CHO side groups (carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen)

29

Foods Containing Lipids

butter, margarine, olive oil, dairy, meats, and greasy/fried foods.

30

Lipid Structure

Saturated (straight and have single bonds) and Unsaturated (bent and have double bonds)

31

Lipid Location

Human and Animal Tissue, Cellular Membrane, Digestive System, and Endocrine System