Intro Criminal Justice System - Exam 2

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created 6 years ago by GreenHero15
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Administration of justice in the United States with a general overview of the total system; functional areas of the criminal justice system; role of police, courts and corrections; nature of law; interrelation of the various components that form the system.
updated 6 years ago by GreenHero15
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1

The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 set up

A proactive public police department based on crime prevention in London

2

The first American police officers can be characterized as

Brutal and corrupt

3

A battle cry for the Progressives in the professional era directed the police:

To get out of politics

4

Which law enforcement agency has the MOST sworn-personnel?

Municipal law enforcement

5

According to James Q. Wilson’s characterizations of police departments, which type of department emphasizes order maintenance?

Watchman

6

When a group shares symbols, beliefs, and attitudes, this is referred to as a...

Subculture

7

A system that assigns priorities to various calls for service is called...

differential response

8

The percentage of crimes that police believe they have solved through an arrest is called...

clearance rate

9

Which of the following is an example of a proactive strategy to combat crime?

responding to crimes by attempting to figure out the root causes

10

When calls for service are the main instigators of police action, this is called...

incident-driven policing

11

Which of the following is TRUE about measuring police productivity?

the clearance rate and crime rate do not give an accurate picture

12

Which type of police officers account for two-thirds of all sworn officers?

Patrol

13

Which of the following is FALSE concerning search warrants?

police officers always need a search warrant, even if a person waives his/her Fourth Amendment rights

14

A brief interference with a person's freedom of movement with a duration that can be measured in minutes is called a...

Stop

15

A significant deprivation of liberty because a person is taken into police custody, transported to the police station or jail, and processed into the criminal justice system is called a...

Arrest

16

Which doctrine permits officers to notice and use as evidence items that are visible to them when they are in a location that they are permitted to be?

plain view doctrine

17

Which of the following senses can be used to justify a warrantless search?

all of the above

18

Which of the following is not part of the Miranda warnings?

the right to a speedy trial

19

When an urgent situation of significant social importance outweighs the necessity of respecting individuals' rights, this is referred to as the...

public safety doctrine

20

Which of the following is contained in the Fifth Amendment?

right to remain silent

21

In the 1980s, which of the following statements is true concerning the U. S. Supreme Court's treatment of the exclusionary rule?

The Court created exceptions to limit the applicability of the rule

22

A proactive strategy designed to direct resources to known crime areas is called...

directed patrol

23

Aggressive patrol is a strategy designed to maximize police activity within a community by cracking down on low-level offending in order to reduce serious crime. This strategy is linked most closely with the theory of...

broken windows

24

Places where crimes are likely to occur based on prior statistical analysis are called...

hot spots

25

For purpose of apprehending criminal offenders, which of the following is TRUE concerning response times of police officers reporting to the scene of a crime?

it makes little difference whether the police arrive in two minutes or twenty minutes after the call

26

What type of force may the police employ in carrying out their jobs?

legitimate and reasonable

27

Officers who accept payoffs that happen to come their way are called

grass eaters

28

Which of the following is TRUE concerning police accreditation?

it is voluntary whether all police department follow nationally recognized standards

29

Which unit in a police department receives and investigates complaints against officers?

internal affairs

30

Which of the following is TRUE concerning internal affairs?

it is difficult for internal affairs to get officers to provide information

31

Which of the following is TRUE about internal affairs?

all of the above is true
(a. officers typically serve for a set period of about seven years
b. it is stressful work
c. it is difficult to maintain relationships with other officers)

32

Which of the following is a mechanism used to control the police?

all of the above
(a. civilian review boards
b. internal affairs investigators
c. civil liability lawsuits)

33

Which of the following is true about public police officers working for private firms?

it can be legal for public police officers to work for private firms and they retain their powers and status as police personnel

34

What three elements are required to consider a warrant valid?

neutral magistrate, probable cause, and particularity

35

The Fifth Amendment is supposed to protect

subjects who make incriminating comments

36

Every department has the same number of vice and juvenile units

False

37

Traditional law enforcement agencies are mainly reactive because they are dependent upon citizen calls for service in performing their duties.

True

38

All police departments have equipment to perform DNA analysis.

False

39

Police officers can conduct a warrant search without probable cause.

False

40

Police officers cannot stop and frisk suspects even if they have reasonable suspicion.

False

41

In a pat-down officers can seize weapons and make arrests even if they did NOT have probable cause or consent.

True

42

Consent searches are unconstitutional under the Fourth Amendment.

False

43

Police officers must provide Miranda warnings if they approach someone on the street and begin questioning.

False

44

Once officers have erroneous information on a search warrant any evidence they obtain will fall under the exclusionary rule.

False

45

If a police officer is acting in good faith, then he/she may use evidence obtained through the use of a defective search warrant.

True

46

Even if a police officer is acting in the interests of public safety, he/she must obtain a warrant before searching an area.

False

47

Police officers can make a significant difference in increasing their arrest rates based upon their response times.

False

48

Most drug dealers often live with their moms because they cannot afford to buy their family large homes.

True

49

Private firms are not allowed to hire public police officers.

False

50

Neighbors Against Drugs was successful because it resulted in arresting several neighborhood drug dealers.

False