Intro Criminal Justice System - Exam 2
The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 set up
A proactive public police department based on crime prevention in London
The first American police officers can be characterized as
Brutal and corrupt
A battle cry for the Progressives in the professional era directed the police:
To get out of politics
Which law enforcement agency has the MOST sworn-personnel?
Municipal law enforcement
According to James Q. Wilson’s characterizations of police departments, which type of department emphasizes order maintenance?
When a group shares symbols, beliefs, and attitudes, this is referred to as a...
A system that assigns priorities to various calls for service is called...
The percentage of crimes that police believe they have solved through an arrest is called...
Which of the following is an example of a proactive strategy to combat crime?
responding to crimes by attempting to figure out the root causes
When calls for service are the main instigators of police action, this is called...
Which of the following is TRUE about measuring police productivity?
the clearance rate and crime rate do not give an accurate picture
Which type of police officers account for two-thirds of all sworn officers?
Which of the following is FALSE concerning search warrants?
police officers always need a search warrant, even if a person waives his/her Fourth Amendment rights
A brief interference with a person's freedom of movement with a duration that can be measured in minutes is called a...
A significant deprivation of liberty because a person is taken into police custody, transported to the police station or jail, and processed into the criminal justice system is called a...
Which doctrine permits officers to notice and use as evidence items that are visible to them when they are in a location that they are permitted to be?
plain view doctrine
Which of the following senses can be used to justify a warrantless search?
all of the above
Which of the following is not part of the Miranda warnings?
the right to a speedy trial
When an urgent situation of significant social importance outweighs the necessity of respecting individuals' rights, this is referred to as the...
public safety doctrine
Which of the following is contained in the Fifth Amendment?
right to remain silent
In the 1980s, which of the following statements is true concerning the U. S. Supreme Court's treatment of the exclusionary rule?
The Court created exceptions to limit the applicability of the rule
A proactive strategy designed to direct resources to known crime areas is called...
Aggressive patrol is a strategy designed to maximize police activity within a community by cracking down on low-level offending in order to reduce serious crime. This strategy is linked most closely with the theory of...
Places where crimes are likely to occur based on prior statistical analysis are called...
For purpose of apprehending criminal offenders, which of the following is TRUE concerning response times of police officers reporting to the scene of a crime?
it makes little difference whether the police arrive in two minutes or twenty minutes after the call
What type of force may the police employ in carrying out their jobs?
legitimate and reasonable
Officers who accept payoffs that happen to come their way are called
Which of the following is TRUE concerning police accreditation?
it is voluntary whether all police department follow nationally recognized standards
Which unit in a police department receives and investigates complaints against officers?
Which of the following is TRUE concerning internal affairs?
it is difficult for internal affairs to get officers to provide information
Which of the following is TRUE about internal affairs?
all of the above is true
(a. officers typically serve for a set period of about seven years
b. it is stressful work
c. it is difficult to maintain relationships with other officers)
Which of the following is a mechanism used to control the police?
all of the above
(a. civilian review boards
b. internal affairs investigators
c. civil liability lawsuits)
Which of the following is true about public police officers working for private firms?
it can be legal for public police officers to work for private firms and they retain their powers and status as police personnel
What three elements are required to consider a warrant valid?
neutral magistrate, probable cause, and particularity
The Fifth Amendment is supposed to protect
subjects who make incriminating comments
Every department has the same number of vice and juvenile units
Traditional law enforcement agencies are mainly reactive because they are dependent upon citizen calls for service in performing their duties.
All police departments have equipment to perform DNA analysis.
Police officers can conduct a warrant search without probable cause.
Police officers cannot stop and frisk suspects even if they have reasonable suspicion.
In a pat-down officers can seize weapons and make arrests even if they did NOT have probable cause or consent.
Consent searches are unconstitutional under the Fourth Amendment.
Police officers must provide Miranda warnings if they approach someone on the street and begin questioning.
Once officers have erroneous information on a search warrant any evidence they obtain will fall under the exclusionary rule.
If a police officer is acting in good faith, then he/she may use evidence obtained through the use of a defective search warrant.
Even if a police officer is acting in the interests of public safety, he/she must obtain a warrant before searching an area.
Police officers can make a significant difference in increasing their arrest rates based upon their response times.
Most drug dealers often live with their moms because they cannot afford to buy their family large homes.
Private firms are not allowed to hire public police officers.
Neighbors Against Drugs was successful because it resulted in arresting several neighborhood drug dealers.