Criminal Justice in America: Intro Criminal Justice System - Exam 1 Flashcards
A model of the criminal justice system that emphasizes efficiency, speed, and finality and the capacity to apprehend, try, convict, and dispose of a high proportion of offenders is called the...
crime control model
Which of the following favor stricter enforcement of the law?
Which of the following argue that stronger crime control measures endanger the values of due process?
Crimes, such as murder or assault that are traditionally "wrong in themselves" are called...
mala in se
Crimes committed in the context of a legal business or professions are called...
Offenses against morality involving a willing and private exchange of goods and services that is in strong demand, but are illegal are called...
Criminal acts often termed "street crime" or "ordinary crime" that are the least profitable yet experience a vast majority of attention from the criminal justice system are called...
An example of a "victimless crime" is...
selling illegal narcotics
In High Point, North Carolina the police and the community targeted…
The term referring to the idea that much more crime occurs than is reported to police is called...
dark figure of crime
All the following are functions of the police EXCEPT
Deciding criminal cases
A statistical summary of crimes reported to the police is known as the...
A source of crime data from surveys conducted to gather on unreported as well as reported crimes is called...
Which is not an explanation for the two decade drop in both violent and property crime?
Less people are going to prison
Where does the U. S. rank in homicide rates among industrialized nations?
According to the lifestyle exposure model, who is most likely to be victimized because of where they live and how they spend their leisure time?
Which of the following is factual about crime the past couple decades?
crime rates are decreasing and Americans are fearful of crime
Which of the following is not a main principle of classical criminology?
punishment should be different for each individual person
Which type of criminology used science to study the body, mind, and environment as root causes for the offender’s criminal behavior?
In relation to men, women commit...
Which of the following theories argues the criminal law is used to control society's poor and have-nots?
An explanation of criminal acts that argues being a member of social groups shapes behavior through learning that behavior follows what discipline?
What are the three types of social process theories?
learning, control, and labeling
Who created the theory of differential association (i.e., learning theory)?
The authority for criminal justice practitioners to make decisions without reference to specific rules or facts, using instead their own judgment is referred to as...
The stage of the system in which the determination of whether or not a defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt is called...
A serious crime usually carrying a penalty of death or incarceration for more than one year is called a...
A "true bill" coming from a grand jury and charging a suspect with a specific crime is called a...
A beginning assumption of the social control (i.e., social bond) theory of criminality is that people are:
According to the Chicago School of research led by Shaw and McKay
Criminality results from the neighborhood you grow up in
Part of the reason that you in a college course called Introduction to Criminal Justice is because of what type of federal funding?
The term “federalism” refers to:
The system of government with power divided between the federal and state governments
Who is considered to be the father of scientific criminology?
Throughout the United States, the criminal justice system is characterized by...
fragmentation and a local orientation
What type of criminological theory follows the Classical School as a policy implication (i.e, what the system should strive to do if the theory is correct)?
Which criminological theory is most concerned with secondary deviation (i.e. deviation occurring after the first offense is officially recorded)?
Why should the criminal justice system not be defined as a “system”?
different entities of the system have opposing budgets and are often competitive
An example of a political crime is...
Which country has the largest prison population?
______________ is a goal of the criminal justice system which involves correcting the behavior of the offender and giving him or her the skills and emotional strength that is needed to survive in society.
Laws that govern the behavior of you and I are
Which of the following amendments protects us from double jeopardy?
Which of the following amendments protects us from cruel and unusual punishment?
Which of the following amendments protects us from unreasonable search and seizure?
Which of the following amendments gives us the right to a speedy and public trial?
The exclusionary rule is part of the Fourth Amendment.
Everyone has the right to bail once they are accused of a criminal offense.
Prosecutors do not always have to demonstrate mens rea.
A person can be prosecuted criminally and sued civilly for the same offense without violating double jeopardy.
The standard of evidence is higher in a civil proceeding than it is in a criminal trial.