Packet 26 Chapter 26 Flashcards
Dissociate in water
Do not dissociate
The fluid compartments outside the cell
Fluid compartments located within the cell
Spaces between cells
An atypical accumulation of the fluid in the interstitial space
A condition of unusually low levels of plasma proteins resulting in tissue edema
A disorder entailing deficient mineralocorticoid hormone production by the adrenal cortex
Regulates sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid
A condition due to excessive water intake that results in net osmosis into tissue cells. This leads to severe metabolic disturbances.
Sodium ions are highest in..
Potassium ions are highest in...
Phosphate ions are highest in...
Bicarbonate ions are highest in...
Proteins are highest in...
The body's water volume is closely tied to the level of which of the following ions?
Hypoproteinemia is a condition of usually low levels of plasma proteins. This problem is often characterized by ______ .
Which of the following hormones is important in the regulation of sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid?
Atrial natriuretic peptide is a hormone that is made in the atria of the heart. The influence of this hormone is to ______ .
reduce blood pressure and blood volume by inhibiting sodium and water retention
Respiratory acidosis can occur when...
a person's breathing is shallow due to obstruction
Total body water is not a function of which of the following?
amount of water ingested
Which of the choices below exerts primary control over sodium levels in the body?
Where as sodium is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, most ______ is found in the intracellular fluid.
Which of the following describes the distribution of sodium and potassium between cells and body fluids?
K+ mainly in the cells, Na+ in the body fluids
Problems with fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance are particularly common in infants because of their ______.
The single most important factor influencing potassium ion secretion is _____.
Potassium ion concentration in blood plasma
Which of the following is not a chemical buffer system?
Which of the following hormones is important in stimulating water conversation in the kidneys?
The maintenance of the proper pH of the body fluids may be the result of ________ .
The control of respiratory ventilation
The regulation of sodium _______ .
is linked to blood pressure
Blood analysis indicates a low pH, and the patient is breathing rapidly. Given your knowledge of acid-base balance, which of the following is most likely?
A patient is breathing slowly and blood pH analysis indicates an abnormally high value. What is the likely diagnosis?
One of the major physiological factors that triggers thirst is _______ .
a rise in plasma osmolality
Annie has just eaten a large order of heavily salted french fries, some pickled eggs, and some cheese. How will consuming this much affect her physiology?
There will be a temporary increase in blood volume.