MOR 320 - Thanatology Terms - Lesson 1.1

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1

Behaviorism

The school of psychological thought that views learning as the most important aspect of an organism's development. Behaviorism seeks to objectively measure behavior and the way in which stimulus-response relationships are formed.

2

Biological Psychology

The school of psychological thought in which all our behaviors can be traced to the biological functions of the brain. Therefore most of our behaviors are caused by the chemicals of our physical body.

3

Clinical Psychology

The field of psychology which is designed to understand, diagnose and treat abnormal or deviant behavior.

4

Cognition

The study of the origins and consequences of thoughts, memories, beliefs, perceptions, explanations and other mental processes.

5

Cognitive Psychology

The field of psychology which studies internal mental processes, which include thinking, memory, concept formation, perception, and the processing of information.

6

Counseling Psychology

The field of psychology which is designed to held solve personal, academic, or vocational problems that do not stem from mental disorders.

7

Developmental Psychology

The field of psychology which study the way in which behaviors develop and change during a lifespan.

8

Educational Psychology

The field of psychology which studies education systems, methods of teaching, methods of learning, curricula and other factors that influence the learning process.

9

Functionalism

The school of psychological thought which proposed that the function, not the structure, of conscious experience should be studied.

10

Humanistic

A school of psychological thought that emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and the search for self-actualization.

11

Motivation

The process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological or psychological needs.

12

Personality Psychology

The specialization of study in which a persons personality is tied to the mental processes of the individual.

13

Psychiatrist

A Medical Doctor who has completed specialized training in the field of mental health, such as a psychiatric recedency.

14

Psychoanalysis

A therapy through which one seeks to bring unconscious desires into consciousness and make it possible to resolve conflicts, which usually date back to early childhood experiences.

15

Psychologist

Those individuals who have a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Psychology, but are not medical doctors.

16

Psychology

The science of behavior and mental processes.

17

Psychotherapy

A category of methods for treating psychological disorders in which the primary technique is conversation between patient and the therapist.

18

Structuralism

The school of psychological thought that is concerned with reducing experience to its basic parts, determining the laws by which the parts are synthesized and investigating the structure and content of mental state by introspection.