The marginal physical product of labor is equal to
The change in total output divided by the change in quantity of labor.
The demand for dollars in the foreign exchange market
Depends in part on the foreign demand for U.S. goods
If consumers decide to buy fewer strawberries, then the
Demand for strawberry pickers will fall.
The supply of U.S. dollars is determined by all of the following except
Foreign demand for American exports
Consumption possibilities, during a given time period, refer to the
Alternative combinations of goods and services that a country can consume.
Assume the United States and Canada have the same amount of resources. In a given time period, the United States can produce 3 tons of steel or 300 tons of wheat. Canada can produce 4 tons of steel or 400 tons of wheat. This means that
Canada has an absolute advantage in both steel and wheat.
Goods and services purchased from international sources are
Appreciation of the dollar refers to
A fall in the dollar price of a foreign currency
The marginal revenue product of labor is equal to
The marginal physical product multiplied by the marginal revenue of the output.
Increased trade restrictions
Reduce total consumption possibilities
The amount of good A given up for good B in trade is the
Terms of trade.
The current account balance is equal to
Trade balance + unilateral transfers.
Specialization in production
Increased opportunities for trade increase production by
Improving efficiency through specialization.
Based on the information in Table 35.1, assume China and the United States have the same amount of resources with which to produce soybeans and computers and they produce no other goods. The opportunity cost of producing 1 ton of soybeans in the United States is
The United States is capable of producing many goods and services that it imports, but it does not because
We can import those goods at a lower opportunity cost than if we make them ourselves
The demand for U.S. dollars in the foreign exchange market is determined by all of the following except
American demand for American products
When the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Japanese yen is $1 = 100 yen, this is an indication that
It would take 100 yen to purchase $1
As more hours are worked, the marginal utility of leisure time tends to
Based on the information in Table 35.1, assume China and the United States have the same amount of resources with which to produce soybeans and computers and they produce no other goods. The opportunity cost of producing 1 computer in China is
1/3 of a ton of soybeans
Suppose China can produce 200 TVs or 200 DVD players. South Korea can produce either 100 TVs or 200 DVD players. In terms of TV production we can conclude that
China has a comparative advantage
The infant industry argument can be justified because
A new industry may be difficult to start in the face of existing foreign competition
The opportunity cost of working is the
Value of leisure time that must be given up
An individual's labor supply curve
Slopes upward initially, and then may bend backward
A firm should hire an additional worker as long as the wage rate is
Less than the MRP.
The elasticity of labor supply does not depend on
The demand for labor
A change in the exchange rate for a country's currency alters the prices of
Both exports and imports.
Goods and services sold to foreign buyers are
Dumping is said to occur when
Foreign producers sell their goods abroad at prices lower than those prevailing in their own countries.
The demand for labor and other factors of production typically decline in a recession because those factors
Are derived from the demand for final output, which also declines in a recession
The elasticity of labor supply measures the
Responsiveness of labor supplied to changes in the wage rate
The capital account balance is equal to the
Foreign purchases of U.S. assets minus U.S. purchases of foreign assets.
A firm's demand for labor is referred to as a derived demand because
It is derived from the demand for the product that the labor is producing
A country has a comparative advantage in a good if
It can produce a good at a lower opportunity cost relative to another country. Correct
Exports minus imports define a country's
Which of the following is a gain from trade?
A higher standard of living for all trading countries
Which of the following generates demand for foreign currencies?
Imports of foreign goods by firms located in the United States.
The law of diminishing returns states that, ceteris paribus, the
MPP of labor declines as more labor is employed.
The exchange rate is the
Price of one country's currency expressed in terms of another country's currency
Over a given period of time, if imports are greater than exports, the result is
A trade deficit
If we move to the right along the upward-sloping labor supply curve, we observe that the cost of labor
Increases due to the increasing opportunity cost.
When one country can produce a given amount of a good using fewer inputs than any other country
It has an absolute advantage in producing the good.
If wages are relatively high, the individual labor supply curve may
A summary record of a country's international economic transactions in a given time period is the
Balance of payments.
The United States has an absolute advantage in producing T-shirts, but not a comparative advantage, because
Other countries, such as China, can produce T-shirts at a lower opportunity cost relative to the United States
The number of hours that a worker is willing to work is determined by the trade-off between the increasing
Marginal utility of leisure and the decreasing marginal utility of income.
The terms of trade between two countries refer to
The amount of good A given up for good B.
Depreciation of the dollar refers to
An increase in the dollar price of foreign currency.
Which of the following generates demand for foreign currencies
Expenditures by Americans traveling abroad
The U.S. desire for foreign currency represents
A supply of U.S. dollars