Human anatomy and physiology: Respiratory System Flashcards
The pharynx is the cavity behind the mouth extending from the ______ _______ to the ______.
nasal cavity, larynx
The portion of the larnyx concerned with preventing foreign objects from entering the trachea are the
The smallest of the branchial tree are the _________ __________.
Expansion of the lungs during inspiration is assisted by the surface tension of fluid in the ________ cavity.
The pressure in the thoracic cavity during inspiration is
less than atmospheric pressure
Normal breathing is controlled by the respiratory center located in the ______ ______.
The strongest stimulus to increase respiratory rate and depth is to increase the blood concentration of _______ ________.
The rate at which a gas diffuses from one area to another is determined by differences in _______ in the two areas.
The pressure of each gas within a mixture is known as its _______ _______.
Oxygen is transported to cells by combining with _________.
The largest amount of carbon dioxide is transported
The trachea is prevented from collapsing by the presence of ________ _______ that are C-shaped.
The right lung has _______ lobes and the left lung has ______ lobes.
food convert to ATP
internal nose to pharynx
separate nasal cavities
sense of smell
another name for auditory tubes
passage for food and air
single piece in the larynx
leaf shaped cartilage
false vocal cords
true vocal cords
primary bronchi divide into
enclose and protect the lungs
space between the membranes
gases diffuse through it
exchange gas between blood cells
cavities inside the nostrils
affects the secretion cells of the lungs
The pleural membrane covering the wall of the cavity is the _______, and the membrane covering the lungs is the is the _________.
The air sacs where gas exchange takes place are the _________.
Movement of air between the atmosphere and the lungs is called
Internal respiration is the exchange of gases between the blood and
________ _________ affects the secretory cells of the lungs
any infection in the lungs is known as __________
whooping cough is also known as
the disease caused by excessive exposure to asbestos, silica, or coal dust is
bronchitis causes a swelling of the
a gas that interferes with oxygen transport by forming a stable bond with hemoglobin is
There are two systems responsible for supplying oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide; they are the ________ and the _______ systems.
the bridge of the nose is formed by the _______ bones
the underside of the external nose has two openings called
posteriorly, the internal nose connects with the
the nasal septum divides the left and right
the interior structures of the nose have _______ functions
olfactory receptors are located in the membrane of the _______ meatus
the adenoid tonsils are located in the posterior wall of the
the opening of the oropharynx is called the
the voice box is the
the epiglottis forms a lid over the
glottis (laryngeal inlet)
the false vocal cords are the
the paired rod shaped cartilage structures of the larynx are the
the goblet cells of the trachea produce
there are 16 to 20 incomplete rings of ________ cartilage in the trachea
cone shaped cartilage
many small compartments
prevents collapse of alveoli
tubes from the trachea to the lungs
destruction of alveoli walls
anterior nasal cavities
cartilages of the larynx
space between vocal cords
exchange of gases