Anatomy Chapter 17 Study Guide

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1

The blood type (AB-, O+) is among the most rare combination of the ABO and RH blood types.

AB-

2

Mixing the blood of a donor and recipient to determine compatibility is called (blood typing, cross matching).

cross matching

3

A person inherits the sickle cell hemoglobin gene from one parent and a normal hemoglobin gene from the other parent. That individual has a disease called (sickle cell trait, sickle cell disease).

sickle cell trait

4

There are two main "fluid" compartments in the human body. One fluid is ______, confined to blood vessels, and the other is ______ fluid that immediately surrounds cells.

blood, interstitial

5

The abnormal condition called polycythemia exists when there is an excess of these cells:

RBC's

6

There is little free iron in the blood. Iron is transported bound to this protein:

transferrin

7

The most abundant WBCs expected in a stained blood smear preparation are:

neutrophils

8

Three places where worn-out RBCs are phagocytized:

liver, spleen, red bone marrow

9

What is the main stimulus that causes kidney cells to release more erythropoietin into the blood?

hypoxia (low O2)

10

Collectively, the cell surface proteins found on all nucleated cells of the body that is uded to identify cells is part of the group know as the "______ ______ Complex"

Major Histocompatibility

11

This diagnostic test is used to determine the percentage of each white blood cell type in the blood: ______ ______ ______ ______

differential white blood cell count

12

An increase in the overall number of WBCs is called ______, whereas an abnormally low number of WBCs is called ______.

leucocytosis, leucopenia

13

The chemial attraction of WBCs to a disease or injury site is an example called:

chemotaxis

14

The primary local effect that a release of nitric oxide has on blood vessels is ______, which improves blood flow and oxygen delivery to the area.

vasodilation

15

Former B lymphocytes in the blood that are actively making and secreting antibodies are called ______ cells.

plasma

16

The diagnostic test that screens for anemia and includes counts of RBCs, differential WBC, platelets, hematocrit, and hemoglobin is the ______ ______ ______.

complete blood count (CBC)

17

Hemostasis involves three events: _______, ______, ______

vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, blood coagulation

18

The first step in forming a fibrous clot is to convert the soluble blood protein ______ into the insoluble protein ______. Like several other steps in hemostasis, this requires the cation ______.

fibrinogen, fibrin, Ca++

19

List the names of two different substances (drugs) given to patients who are at risk for forming blood clots: ______ or ______.

heparin, warfarin (or Coumadin)

20

List the names or symbols of two substances that are used to prevent collected blood from clotting: ______ and ______.

EDTA, CPD (sodium citrate)

21

This multi-purpose common drug used daily in small doses inhibits vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation by inhibiting the conversion of prostaglandin H2 into thromboxane A2 by the COX enzyme:

aspirin

22

This thrombolytic drug, derived from beta lytic Streptococcus, is used to dissolve clots that have already formed in the body:

streptokinase

23

One inherits the ability to make the A isoantigen from one parent and the inability to make either the A or B isoantigen from the other parent. The ABO blood type of this individual is type ______.

A

24

This is a genetic disease that occurs when the person lacks the ability to make one or more of the specific clotting agents:

hemophilia

25

There is inadequate iron absorption:

iron deficiency

26

There is not enough Vitamin B12:

pernicious

27

Condition after extensive blood loss:

hemorrhagic

28

An inherited defects results in poor RBC production:

thalassemia

29

This is an effect of most cancer drugs or radiation treatment:

aplastic