Human Anatomy & Physiology: AP II Exam 1 Flashcards


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Human Anatomy & Physiology
Chapters 16, 17
updated 10 years ago by Wcc2014
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education, teaching methods & materials, science & technology, medical, anatomy, physiology
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1

Functions of hormones

reproduction, growth and development, maintenance of electrolyte, water, and nutrient balance of blood, regulation of cellular metabolism and energy balance, mobilization of body defenses.

2

lipid soluble hormones derived from cholesterol

gonadal and adrencoritcal

3

what is the major difference in the action of water soluble hormone versus a lipid soluble hormone

water soluble cannot enter cell, act on plasma membrane receptors and g protein messengers. Lipid soluble can enter cell, act on intracellular receptors that directly activate genes.

4

what controls the anterior pituitary gland

hypothalamus

5

which anterior pituitary hormone stimulates growth

gh

6

which anterior pituitary hormone stimulate milk production

prolactin

7

which anterior pituitary hormone stimulates cortisol

acth

8

which anterior pituitary hormone stimulate sex cell production

fsh

9

which hormones does the posterior pituitary secrete

oxytocin and adh

10

parathyroid hormone is the major regulator of which ions in the blood

CA2+

11

which blood glucose lowering hormone is produced in the pancreatic islet cells

insulin

12

which hormone promotes metabolic rate

TH

13

which hormone is stimulate be decreases in blood glucose

glucagon

14

which hormone combination is part of the body's long term response to stress

ACTH and CRH

15

the normal ph range for blood is

7.35-7.45

16

what are the components of blood

erythrocytes, buffy coat, plasma

17

which plasma proteins play a role in disease resistance

immunoglobins

18

the process by which formed elements of the blood develop is called

hematopoiesis

19

a megakaryoblast will develop into a

megakaryocyte

20

a red blood cells function is

to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide

21

an immature red blood cell is called a

reticulocyte

22

what are the phagocytes

neutrophil and monocyte

23

what is involved in stopping blood loss

platelets

24

what is involved in hypersensitivity reactions

basophils

25

what is involved in immune response

lympocyte

26

what are the ductless glands

endocrine glands

27

what do the kidneys secrete

erythropoietin and renin

28

what are autocrines

glands that act on the same cell that secreted them

29

eicosanoids have

leukotriens and prostaglandins

30

most hormone regulation is

negative feedback

31

what is the link between nervous and endocrine system

endocrine systems acts with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate activity of body cells

32

another name of posterior pituitary

neurohypophis

33

anterior pituitary hormones that act on other endocrine systems are called

tropic hormones

34

another name for adh is

vasopressin

35

an increase in vasopressin will most likely

increase blood pressure

36

parafollicular cells produce

calcitonin

37

increase calcitriol secretion will

increase absorption of calcium

38

aldosterone is secreted by the

adrenal cortex