A & P 1 Flashcards


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1

Directly causes mechanical motion

Muscular

2

Responds to environmental changes by transmitting electrical impulses

Nervous

3

Provides support and levers for muscles to work on

Skeletal

4

Protects underlying organs from mechanical damage and synthesizes vitamin D

Integumentary

5

Controls the body with chemical molecules called hormones

Endocrine

6

Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues

Cardiovascular

7

Produces antibodies that neutralize foreign substances

Immune

8

Removes and filters excess fluid from tissues

Lymphatic

9

Arteries, veins, heart

Cardiovascular

10

Trachea, bronchi, alveol

Respiratory

11

Adrenal glands, pancreas, pituitary

Endocrine

12

Esophagus, large intestine, rectum

Digestive

13

Kidneys, bladder, ureters

Urinary

14

Histology would be best defined as a study of

Tissue

15

The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy

Gross

16

An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________.

excretion of metabolic waste

17

Average body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade.

37

18

What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback?

to maintain homeostasis

19

What is the specific name for the hip region?

Coaxial

20

The cavities housing the eyes are called __________ cavities.

Orbital

21

A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be a(n) ________.

Organ

22

The heart lies in the ________ cavity.

Pericardial

23

________ cavities are spaces within joints.

Synovial

24

Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?

Decay

25

Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind?

Dorsal

26

The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of body weight, is ________.

Water

27

What is the posterior side of the patella called

Popliteal

28

Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms?

Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body

29

The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except

palms turned posteriorly

30

A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________.

Enhancement of labor contractions

31

The dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?

The brain

32

In which cavities are the lungs located?

pleural, ventral, and thoracic

33

Which of the following are survival needs of the body?

nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen

34

Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________.

a relatively stable internal environment, within limits

35

What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into left and right, called?

sagittal

36

What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions
called?

Frontal

37

Which body cavity protects the nervous system?

Dorsal

38

The anatomical position is used ________.

as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body

39

In which abdominopelvic cavity is the stomach located?

left upper

40

Which one of the following systems responds to environmental stimuli?

Nervous