Chapter 1 Flashcards

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Organization of the Body
anatomy and physiology 1
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The Correct sequence of levels forming the structural hierarchy is:
a) Organ,organ systems, cellular, chemical, tissue, organismal.
b) chemical, cellular, tissue, organismal,organ, organ system.
c) chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal
d) organismal, organ system, organ, tissue, cellular, chemical.

Answer: C


The structural and functional unit of life is:
a) a cell
b) an organ
c) an organism
d) a molecule

Answer: A


Which of the following is a major functional characteristic of all organisms?
a) movement
b) growth
c) metabolism
e) all of the above

Answer: E


Two of these organ systems bear the major responsibility for ensuring homeostasis of the internal environment. Which two?
a) nervous system
b) digestive system
c) cardiovascular system
d) endocrine system
e) reproductive system

Answer: a and d


In a-e a directional term is followed by terms indicating different body structures or locations. In each case, choose the structure or organ that matches the given directional term.
a) distal: the elbow/the wrist
b) lateral: the hip bone/the umbilicus
c) superior: the nose/the chin
d) anterior: the toes/the heel
e)superficial: the scalp/the skull

Answer: A,B,C,D, and E


Assume that the body has been section along three planes: 1. Medial Plan 2. Frontal Plan 3. and a transverse plane made at the level of each of the organs listed below. Which organs would not be visible in all three plans?
a) urinary bladder
b) brain
c) lungs
d) kidneys
e) small intestines
f) heart

Answer: Neither c nor d would be visible in the median section;


Relate each of the following conditions or statements to either the dorsal body cavity or the ventral body cavity.
a) surrounded by the bony skull and the vertebral column
b) includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.
c) contains the brain and spinal cord
d) contains the heart, lungs, and digestive organs.

Answer: a, b, c, d


Which of the following relationships is incorrect?
a) visceral peritoneum/outer surface of the small intestine
b) parietal pericardium/outer surface of the heart
c) parietal pleura/wall of thoracic cavity

Answer: b


Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
a) thoracic cavity
b) abdominal cavity
c) pelvic cavity

Answer: b


The term that applys to the backside of the body in the anatomical position include:
a) ventral;anterior
b) back;rear
c) posterior;dorsal
d) medial;lateral

Answer c