Chemistry come alive by Verna /review questions

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1

Which of the following forms of energy is the stimulus for vision?
a) Chemical
b) Electrical
c) Mechanical
d) Radiant

D- Radiant

2

All of the following are examples of the four major elements contributing to body mass except?
a) Hydrogen
b) Carbon
c) Nitrogen
d) Sodium
e) Oxygen

D- Sodium

3

The mass number of an atom is?
a) equal to the number of protons it contains
b) the sum of its protons and neutrons
c) the sum of all its subatomic particles
d) the average of the mass numbers of all of its isotopes

B- The sum of protons and neutrons

4

A deficiency in the element can be expected to reduce the hemoglobin content of blood.
a) Fe
b) I
c) F
d) Ca
e) K

A- Fe

5

Which set of terms best describes a proton?
a) negative charge, massless, in the orbital
b) positive charge, 1 amu, in the nucles
c) uncharged 1 amu, in the nucles.

B-

6

The subatomic particles responsible for the chemical behavior of atoms are?
a) electrons
b) ions
c) neutrons
d) protons

A-

7

In the body carbohydrates are stored in the form of
a) glycogen
b) starch
c) cholesterol
d) polypeptides

A-

8

Which of the following does not describe a mixture?
a) properties of its components are retained
b) chemical bonds are formed.
c) components can be separated physically
d) includes both heterogeneous and homogeneous examples

B-

9

In a beaker of water the water-water bonds can properly be called?
a) ionic bonds
b) polar covalent bonds
c) nonpolar covalent bonds
d) hydrogen bonds

D-

10

When a pair of electrons is shared between two atoms, the bond formed is called?
a) a single covalent bond
b) a double covalent bond
c) a triple covalent bond
d) an ionic bond

A-

11

Molecules formed when electrons are shared equally are?
a) salts
b) polar molecules
c) nonpolar molecules

B- polar molecules

12

Which of the following covalently bonded molecules are polar?
a) H-Cl

b) H
H-C-H
H

c) H
Cl-C-Cl
Cl

d) N=N

A,C-

13

What does ATP stand for?

Adenosine Triphosphate, Which is the organic molecule that stores and releases chemical energy for use in body cells.

14

Factors that accelerate the rate of chemical reactions include all but
a) the presence of catalyst
b) increasing the temperature
c) increasing the particle size
d) increasing the concentration of the reactants

C- increasing the particle size

15

Which of the following molecules is an inorganic molecule?
a) sucrose
b) cholesterol
c) collagen
d) sodium chloride

D- Sodium cholride

16

Water's importance to living systems reflects?
a) its polarity and solvent properties
b) its high heat capacity
c) its high heat of vaporization
d) its chemical reactivity
e) all of these

E- all of these

17

Acids
a) release hydroxyl ions when dissolved in water
b) are proton acceptors
c) cause the pH of a solution to rise
d) release protons when dissolved in water

D- Release protons when dissolved in water

18

A chemist, during the course of an analysis, runs across a chemical composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in the proportion 1:2:1 and having a six-sided molecular shape. It is probably
a) a pentose
b) an amino acid
c) a fatty acid
d) a monosaccharide
e) a nucleic acid

D- a monosaccharide

19

A triglyceride consists of?
a) glycerol plus three fatty acids
b) a sugar phosphate backbone to which two amino groups are attached
c) two to several hexoses
d) amino acids that have been thoroughly saturated with hydrogen

A- glycerol plus three fatty acids

20

A chemical has an amine group and an organic group. It does not, however have any peptide bonds.It is?
a) monosaccharide
b) an amino acid
c) a protein
d) a fat

B- a amino acid

21

The lipid(s) used as the basis of vitamin D, sex hormones, and bile salts is/are?

a) Triglycerides
b) cholesterol
c) phospholipids
d) prostaglandin

B- cholesterol

22

Enzymes are organic catalysts that?
a) alter the direction in which a chemical reaction proceeds
b) determine the nature of the products of a reaction
c) increase the speed of a chemical reaction
d) are essential raw materials for a chemical reaction that are converted into some of its products

C- increase the speed of a chemical reaction