Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Study Guide Notecards Flashcards


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1

The suprachiastmatic nucleus, brain nucleus, is the body's

"biological clock".

2

Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, and VII are found in the

pons.

3

The arbor vitae refers to

cerebellar white matter.

4

The brain stem consists of the

midbrain, medulla, and pons

5

The primary auditory cortex is located in the

temporal lobe.

6

Spinocerebellar tracts

carry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum

7

Ependymal cells

line the ventricles of the brain

8

The subarachnoid space

lies between the two layers of meninges the arachnoid and pia.

9

The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the

medulla.

10

Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the

dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord.

11

Longitudinal fissures

separates the cerebral hemispheres.

12

A shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a

sulcus.

13

If the caudal portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly

the spinal cord may be affected.

14

The central sulcus

separates frontal lobe from parietal lobe.

15

Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be

lateral spinothalamic

16

The white matter of the spinal cord contains

myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers.

17

An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in

paraplegia.

18

Spastic paralysis suggests

involvement of the upper motor neurons.

19

Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called

gyri.

20

The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by

the lateral sulcus.

21

Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are

pyramidal and corticospinal.

22

An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the

visual association area.

23

Broca's area is considered a

motor speech area.

24

The prefrontal cortex is

part of the cerebral cortex is involved in intellect, cognition, recall, and personality.

25

The blood-brain barrier is

effective against metabolic waste such as urea.

26

The process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called

association.

27

The procedural category of memory

is involved when playing the piano

28

The brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the

reticular formation.

29

REM sleep

is associated with temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for ocular muscles and diaphragm.

30

Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the

vestibular nuclei.

31

The area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath too long is the

visceral sensory area.

32

Coma

may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma.

33

Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of

Parkinson's disease.

34

A concussion

is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury.

35

Declarative memory

is the ability to learn specific information.

36

Epilepsy

is often genetically induced but also frequently caused by head trauma, stroke, infection, and tumor.

37

Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the

premotor cortex.

38

Theta brain waves

are not normal for awake adults but are common for children.