Biology 1407-C70 Exam 4 Chapters 40, 41, 42 and 44

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Campbell Biology
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1

Tissues are composed of cells, and tissues functioning together make up

organs

2

Of the following choices, the epithelium with the shortest diffusion distance is

simple squamous epithelium

3

Connective tissues typically have

relatively few cells and a large amount of extracellular matrix.

4

If you gently twist your earlobe, it does not remain distorted because it contains

elastin fibers

5

In a typical nerve cell, the nucleus is found in the

cell body

6

Choose the list that presents the four stages of food processing in the order in which they naturally occur.

ingestion → digestion → absorption → elimination

7

Animals that migrate great distances would obtain the greatest energetic benefit of storing chemical energy as

fats

8

The fat-soluble vitamins include

Vitamin A

9

The large surface area in the gut directly facilitates

absorption

10

Because the foods eaten by animals are often composed largely of macromolecules, this requires the animals to have mechanisms for

enzymatic hydrolysis.

11

The fluid that moves around in the circulatory system of a typical arthropod is

the interstitial fluid.

12

A portal system is

a vessel or vessels connecting two capillary beds.

13

Which of the following pairs of mammalian blood vessels has blood that is the least similar in its gas content?

the pulmonary vein and the jugular vein

14

Among the following choices, which organism likely has the highest systolic pressure?

giraffe

15

Among these choices, the biggest set that includes only those "cells" that lack nuclei is

platelets and erythrocytes