Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Study Guide Notecards Flashcards


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1

A gomphosis joint is

fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket

2

The cruciate ligaments of the knee prevent

hyperextension of the knee

3

Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to

provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints.

4

A symphysis joint is united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that

usually permits a slight degree of movement.

5

Syndesmosis joint is

fibrous connective tissue

6

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called

bursae

7

Amphiarthroses are

articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement

8

Synchondroses are

cartilaginous joints

9

The gliding motion of the wrist uses

plane joints

10

The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called

cruciate ligaments

11

Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of

hyperextension

12

All synovial joints are

freely movable

13

Synarthrotic joints permit essentially

no movement

14

Fibrous joints are classified as

sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses

15

In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with

hyaline cartilage

16

Synovial fluid is

present in joint cavities of freely movable joints and it contains hyaluronic acid.

17

Synchondroses are

cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones

18

Menisci are

semilunar cartilage pads located in the knee

19

Gliding movements occur at the

intercarpal and intertarsal joints.

20

Abduction is

moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane

21

The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the

feet

22

The hip joint is a good example of a

multiaxial synovial joint

23

Rotation movements do not

increase or decrease the angle between bones

24

Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are rare because of the

ligament reinforcement.

25

The Patellar ligament of the knee initiates the

knee-jerk reflex when tapped

26

Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee

The medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate ligaments are damaged as a result.

27

Pointing the toes is an example of

plantar flexion

28

The annular ligament surrounds the

head of the radius

29

Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of a

hinge joint

30

Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing

lateral or medial angular movements

31

Joints develop in parallel with

bones

32

An example of an interosseous fibrous joint is

the radius and ulna along its length

33

Angular movements can best be described as

they change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.

34

Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces

Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb is a saddle joint of the skeleton.

35

Tendon sheaths act as

friction-reducing structures

36

Tendon sheath is not a part of the

synovial joint

37

The number of bones in the joint is not a factor that contributes to

keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact.