Visions of America: Semester Exam Study GUide History 1108 (part 2) Flashcards


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Visions of America
Chapters 26-29
Chapters 26-29
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1

1. In 1945 ’s forces formed a provisional government in Hanoi and declared independence from France. (Ch26, p780)

Ho Chi Minh

2

1. Which of the following statements best summarizes Eisenhower’s “domino theory”? (Ch26, p.781)

Communism will spread until every nation is converted.

3

1. The Warren Commission (Ch26, p.785)

left many loose ends in its investigation of the Kennedy assassination.

4

1. Who was sworn in as president immediately after John Kennedy’s death? (CH26, p.786)

Lyndon Johnson

5

1. Effects of the Vietnam War included the (Ch26, review of chapter)

erosion of the nation’s confidence in its government.

6

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Ch26, p. 787)

gave President Johnson the power to wage undeclared war in Vietnam

7

1. The usage of this herbicide has been linked to countless health problems and birth defects. (Ch26, p. 790)

Agent Orange

8

In the wake of the Tet crisis (Ch26, p.293)

Americans began to view the war as unwinnable

9

President Johnson decided not to run for reelection because (Ch26, p.793 and review of chapter)

he had become overwhelmed by the war and challenges within his party

10

In 1972, President Nixon made a surprising diplomatic visit to (Ch26, p.803)

China

11

The term détente has been used to describe President Nixon’s (Ch26, p.803)

foreign policy that eased tensions between the United States and China and the Soviet Union.

12

1. John Kennedy’s New Frontier focused in part on (Ch27, p.813)

creating a new era of scientific and social progress.

13

President Kennedy played a major role in the forming (Ch27, p.813)

The creation of the Peace Corps

14

The 1962 Engle v. Vitale decision ruled that officially composed prayer in public school (Ch27, p.813-814)

was unconsitutional

15

The 1963 Gideon v. Wainwright decision (Ch27, p.814)

gave accused felons the right to free legal counsel

16

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (C27, p.826)

prohibited segregation in public facilities

17

Millions of young people in the second half of the 1960s expressed their alienation from American society by sampling drugs or chasing the rainbow of a youth culture; this is referred to as (Ch27, 829)

counterculture

18

Events in the Watts section of Los Angeles in 1965 (Ch27, p.831) showed that

racial unrest could result in violent riots

19

Her book, The Feminine Mystique, provided a powerful, fluent voice for women who felt dissatisfied with the limits of their domestic lives (Ch27, p.834)

Gloria Steinem

20

This organization gave the women’s movement a national voice in 1966 (Ch27, p.834)

National Organization of Women

21

1. Cesar Chavez fought for better working and living conditions for members of what profession? (Ch27, p.838)

farm workers

22

Similarities between the Vietnam War and the Iranian Hostage Crisis included (Ch28, p.848, 854)

both conflicts destroyed the credibility of the presidents involved

23

The foundation of the Watergate crisis was centered on (Ch28, p.848,849)

Richard Nixon’s paranoia of his opponent’s political strengths

24

Jimmy Carter won the election of 1976 because he (Ch28, p.853)

was viewed as an alternative to Washington insiders

25

In the Camp David Agreement, President Carter presided over (Ch29,p.856)

a treaty that normalized relations between Egypt and Israel

26

In the case Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court ruled that(Ch28, p.861)

state laws could not forbid abortions in the first three months of pregnancy

27

The Roe v. Wade decision was based on the right to (Ch28, p.861)

privacy

28

In the Iran-Contra affair, Oliver North (Ch28, p.869-870)

funneled illegal arms sales funds to Nicaraguan rebels.

29

President Reagan reacted to Mikhail Gorbachev’s offers of Soviet military cutbacks (Ch28, p.870)

by embracing the Soviet Union’s new positions

30

Developments in foreign relations in the late 1980s included (Ch29, p.877)

relatively peaceful revolutions that toppled Soviet control of eastern Europe

31

Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of (Ch29, p.880)

sexual harassment

32

Los Angeles erupted into violence after (Ch29, p.881)

police officers were found not guilty of beating Rodney King

33

President George H.W. Bush’s call for U.S. military involvement in the Persian Gulf came when (Ch29, p.882)

Iraq invaded Kuwait and gained control of its oil production

34

The Republicans’ call for a “Contract with America” came right after (Ch29, p.885)

the Republicans fared well in the midterm elections of 1994

35

Despite holding a lead in the popular vote, Al Gore needed this state to secure the electoral votes and the White House (Ch29, p.886)

Florixa

36

Who decided the election of 2000? (Ch29, p886)

The Supreme Court