Visions of America: Semester Exam Study GUide History 1108 (part 1) Flashcards


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Visions of America
Chapters 23-25
Chapter 23-25
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1

FDR's "lend-lease" program allowed (Ch23, p.689)

Britain to borrow military equipment from the United States

2

In the months leading up to Pearl Harbor (Ch23, p.690-692)

FDR increased U.S. naval presence in the Pacific

3

Which statement about Pearl Harbor is true? (Ch23, p. 691-692)

Radar had detected imcoming planes, but U.S. officials assumed these were American aircrafts.

4

Japanese Americans in the state of ______________ were treated most leniently. (Ch23, p. 694)

Hawaii

5

Which is the correct trio of Axis Powers in World War II? (Ch23, review of chatper)

Germany, Japan, Italy

6

The first check to Japanese expansion came at the Battle of the Coral Sea when (Ch23, p. 702-703)

U.S. aircraft carriers halted a Japanese advance toward Australia.

7

Germany's invasion of _________ in September of 1939 marked the start of WWII. (Ch23, review of chapter)

Poland

8

Which of the following areas was most insulated from the fighting in WWII? (Ch23, review of chapter)

North America

9

All of the following statements about war production are true except (C23, review of chapter)

males no longer resented economic competition from female employees

10

Where would one most likely find a zoot-suit during WWII? (Ch23, p.700-701)

in America's popular culture

11

After the fall of Mussolini (Ch23, p.703)

bitter fighting for the control of Italy took place between the Allies and Germany

12

On June 6, 1944 the allies launched (Ch23, p.705)

the official invasion of Normandy

13

Who led the American forces at Omaha Beach? (Ch23, p. 707)

Dwight Eisenhower

14

The Manhattan Project was the code name for (Ch23, p.711-712)

the project to develop the atomic bomb

15

The main reason behind Harry Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb was (Ch23, p.712-713)

to save the lives of American soldiers and end the war as fast as possible

16

Japan surrendered to the United States (Ch23, p.712)

after the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb

17

___________________ had the highest number of total dead in WWII. (Ch23, p.714)

The Soviet Union

18

In the early years of WWII, the War Department (Ch23, 706)

beleived that photos of dead Americans would weaken morale on the home front.

19

The most famous photograph of WWII depicted (ch23, p.706)

the U.S. flag being raised at Iwo Jima.

20

The internment of Japanese Americans can be linked to ethnic prejudice and earlier waves of nativism in America (Ch23, p.694-695)

True

21

Despite their military service, black soldiers were subjected to racism during WWII, and in at least one instance treated worse than Nazi prisoners (Ch23, p.700)

True

22

The Battle of Midway is significant because it transformed the role of Japan's navy from offensive to defensive. (Ch23, p.703)

True

23

Russia lost more soldiers on the battlefield than all other countries (Axis Nations and Allies) combined. (Ch23, p.714)

True

24

The year 1946 saw the beginning of 40-plus year era of (Ch24, review of chapter)

rivalry with communism and the Soviet Union

25

The content of George Kennan's "long telegram" depicted (Ch24, p.722)

an aggressive U.S.S.R. driven by expansionist communism

26

The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to (Ch24, p.724)

contain communism by not letting it spread to other nation

27

A major effect of the Marshall Plan was (Ch24, p.724-725)

a strengthening of the economic relationship between the United States and western Europe

28

Which countries each controlled a zone within Germany after WWII? (Ch24, p.726-727)

U.S., Britain, U.S.S.R., and France

29

The U.S. and other Western nations responded to the Berlin blockade by (ch24, p.72)

airlifting supplies into the isolated city.

30

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (CH24, p.722, 726)

solidified tires between the United States and its western European allies.

31

The content of National Security Council Paper 68 argued that (Ch24, p.730)

military solutions should be encouraged to contain communism

32

The world was brought to the brink of Word War III surrounding a civil war in (Ch24, p. 730-731)

Korea

33

Bomb shelters were distinctively marked with what emblem? (Ch24, p. 736)

Three yellow triangles on a black circle

34

The major importance of the Alger Hiss case was that (Ch24, p.738)

Americans came to the sudden conclusion that their nation faced a Communist enemy from within

35

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg (Ch24, p.738)

were convicted and electrocuted for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union

36

One of HUAC's first targets was to investigate alleged communism in (Ch24, p.739)

the film industry

37

In the incident at the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. (Ch24, p. 745)

failed to overthrow Fidel Castro with a CIA-backed invasion

38

The Cuban Missile Crisis began when (Ch24, p.745-746)

the U.S. discovered that the USSR was installing offensive nuclear weapons in Cuba

39

President Kennedy's main strategy in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis was (Ch24, p.745)

imposing a naval blockade around Cuba until the crisis was resolved

40

Although Sputnik was only the size of a large basketball and weighed 183 pounds it was a grand feat of engineering (Ch24, p. 742)

True

41

Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included (C25, p.754)

desegregation of the armed forces

42

Third-party presidential candidate Strom Thurmond left the Democratic Party because of his (Ch25, p.725)

opposition to civil rights reforms raised by party members

43

Harry Truman's economic package was known as the (Ch25, p.754)

Fair Deal

44

The GI Bill was geared in part at helping veterans in the areas of (Ch25, p.757)

housing

45

Levittown represented a change toward (Ch25, p.758)

affordable homes in American suburbs

46

One trend of the period 1946-1964 was (Ch25, p. 758)

a significant increase in the number of babies being born

47

A key to Dwight Eisenhower's political success was his (Ch25, review of chapter)

positive image with both liberals and conservatives

48

Situation-comedy television shows of the 1950s portrayed American families as (Ch25, p.760)

white, polite, and happy

49

In Brown v. Board of Education ,the Supreme Court ruled that (Ch2, p. 766)

segregation in public schools was unconstitutional

50

Methods used by blacks in winning the Montgomery bus strike included (Ch25, p.768-770)

the use of car pools despite violent and political harrassment

51

The young, charismatic leader of the successful Montgomery bus strike was (Ch25, p.769)

Martin Luther King, Jr.

52

In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957 (Ch25, p.771-772)

federal troops ensured the safety of black students from any white mobs

53

In February 1960, four black college students began a trend toward mass involvement in (Ch25, p. 773)

lunch counter sit-ins

54

Rosa Parks, when ordered to stand so that a white man could sit on Birmingham, Alabama, city bus, hose to (Ch25, p. 769)

remain seated and risk arrest