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Campbell Biology
Chapters 1-6
Grade levels:
College: First year
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1

Characteristic #1

Kingdom

2

Characteristic #2

Phylum

3

Characteristic #3

Order

4

Characteristic #4

family

5

Characteristic #5

class

6

Characteristic #6

Species

7

Characteristic #7

Genus

8

Valence

# of unpaired valence electrons in the valence shell

9

Valence electron

Outer electron

10

Valence shell

Outer shell with electrons

11

covalent bonds

They share electrons

12

Electronegativity

Attraction from the atom to an electron

13

Matter

anything that takes up space and has mass

14

Elements

a substance that can be broken down to another substance by chemical reactions

15

compounds

two or more elements

16

atoms

smallest unit of matter

17

subatomic particles

tiny bits of matter composed of even small parts

18

mass #`

protons and neutrons in the nucleus

19

atomic #

# of protons

20

isotope

same # of protons, different # of neutrons

21

energy

capacity to cause change

22

potential energy

energy that matter possesses because of its location and structure *think of the rollercoaster*

23

kinetic energy

moving energy

24

thermal energy

ENERGY caused by heat