Endocrine

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created 9 years ago by serling126
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1

What is the system comprised of a series of organs that each produce a hormone?

Endocrine system

2

A chemical messenger that is carried by the bloodstream is called:

Hormone

3

Which gland secrets melatonin?

Pineal

4

Name the two parts of the pituitary

anterior lobe & posterior lobe

5

Name the hormones produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary

ACTH, TSH, Growth, Prolactin, Gonadotropins (All The Greats Play Golf)

6

What runs through the infundibulum?

Axons that run from the hypothalamus to the pituitary

7

What produces the hormones oxytocin and antidiuretic (vasopressin)?

The posterior lobe of the pituitary

8

Name the two gonadotropin hormones produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary.

FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and luteinizing hormone

9

What gland produces thyroxine, triiodathyronine and calcitonin?

Thyroid

10

What hormone does the stomach produce?

Gastrin

11

What part of the adrenal gland produces cortisol and aldosterone?

the adrenal cortex

12

What hormones are produced by the medulla of the adrenal gland?

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

13

What hormones do the ovaries produce?

Estrogen and progesterone

14

What hormone does the testes produce?

Testosterone

15

What gland produces releasing and inhibiting hormones?

Hypothalamus

16

What hormone does the parathyroid produce?

Parathyroid hormone :)

17

Which endocrine glands are considered "primary"?

Pineal, hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal

18

Can the heart be considered an endocrine gland?

Yes, it produces atrial natriuretic homrone

19

Bonus: where is the pituitary located in the body (be specific)?

In the hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcic on the sphenoid bone!