History 1302 Mid-term review

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1

The North interpreted Black Codes as

a. evidence that the South sought to keep freedmen in an economically dependent and legally inferior status.

2

Labor in the construction of the California section of the transcontinental railroad was supplied by

b. Chinese workers

3

With the exception of ________, the United States was the only society in the Americas in which the destruction of slavery was accomplished by violence.

b. Haiti

4

The Fifteenth Amendment

c. expanded suffrage

5

After emancipation, the most important institutions for African Americans as they tried to establish their own independent family and community life were the

d. schools and the churches

6

In the years after the Civil War, many freedmen ended up working as

b. farmers under a sharecropper system

7

"Sharecropping" means

a. returning a fraction of the harvest to the landowner as rent

8

Most new textile workers in the South were

c. poor and white

9

At the center of southern life was

d. the church

10

Plessy v. Ferguson

b. established the concept of "separate but equal"

11

The first "big business" in America, at least in terms of finance, labor relations, and management, was the

b. railroad industry

12

The _____ was an essential system under-girding the rise of big business; it was itself big business; it was a cultural symbol of American industrialization; and it was a stimulus to other enterprises because it consumed so many natural resources.

c. railroad system

13

Who was most closely related to the Knights of Labor?

c. Terance Powderly

14

Who was most closely related to the American Federation of Labor?

a. Samuel Gompers

15

The "new" immigration came from ________ and _________ Europe in te 1880's.

d. southern, eastern

16

Who faced the most discrimination in the workplace?

c. African American men

17

Ready-made consumer products for the urban middle class were available at the new_______, palaces of consumption conveniently located on streetcar lines for the lady who wanted to "go downtown" in an afternoon.

d. department store

18

The dumbbell tenement was an innovative urban housing design, at first hailed as a helpful innovation, which turned out to be a dangerous blight on the cityscape.

True

19

By 1910 65% of college students were women?

False

20

During this time people started lobbying for social legislation to improve housing, women's working conditions, and public schools.

True

21

Free silver was a monetary scheme; it was also a symbolic protest of ______ against the _______.

a. the agricultural South and West; the commercial Northeast

22

Under the policy know as the Roosevelt ______, the United States asserted the right to intervene in the Western Hemisphere in order to prevent Europeans from doing so.

b. Corollary

23

Coxey's Army

b. descended on Washington to demand a program to employ the jobless

24

What is the best explanation of "free silver?"

a. The U.S. government would promote prosperity by inflating the money supply through minting all the silver offered to it.

25

McClure's magazine pioneered a new style of journalism featuring, among others, writer Lincoln Steffans, who

d. presented carefully-researched exposes of corporate and government abuses

26

The settlement house movement lead to the new profession of

d. social work

27

The 19th amendment.....

c. gave women the right to vote

28

The Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920 because

b. of women's contributions to the war efforts in World War I at home and abroad

29

Roosevelt justified his "corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine with the reasoning that

a. the instability of Latin American nations made them vulnerable to intervention by European powers

30

When the draft began as a means to ensure adequate troops for the war, American public opinion

b. ranged widely from opposition to support