The North interpreted Black Codes as
a. evidence that the South sought to keep freedmen in an economically dependent and legally inferior status.
Labor in the construction of the California section of the transcontinental railroad was supplied by
b. Chinese workers
With the exception of ________, the United States was the only society in the Americas in which the destruction of slavery was accomplished by violence.
The Fifteenth Amendment
c. expanded suffrage
After emancipation, the most important institutions for African Americans as they tried to establish their own independent family and community life were the
d. schools and the churches
In the years after the Civil War, many freedmen ended up working as
b. farmers under a sharecropper system
a. returning a fraction of the harvest to the landowner as rent
Most new textile workers in the South were
c. poor and white
At the center of southern life was
d. the church
Plessy v. Ferguson
b. established the concept of "separate but equal"
The first "big business" in America, at least in terms of finance, labor relations, and management, was the
b. railroad industry
The _____ was an essential system under-girding the rise of big business; it was itself big business; it was a cultural symbol of American industrialization; and it was a stimulus to other enterprises because it consumed so many natural resources.
c. railroad system
Who was most closely related to the Knights of Labor?
c. Terance Powderly
Who was most closely related to the American Federation of Labor?
a. Samuel Gompers
The "new" immigration came from ________ and _________ Europe in te 1880's.
d. southern, eastern
Who faced the most discrimination in the workplace?
c. African American men
Ready-made consumer products for the urban middle class were available at the new_______, palaces of consumption conveniently located on streetcar lines for the lady who wanted to "go downtown" in an afternoon.
d. department store
The dumbbell tenement was an innovative urban housing design, at first hailed as a helpful innovation, which turned out to be a dangerous blight on the cityscape.
By 1910 65% of college students were women?
During this time people started lobbying for social legislation to improve housing, women's working conditions, and public schools.
Free silver was a monetary scheme; it was also a symbolic protest of ______ against the _______.
a. the agricultural South and West; the commercial Northeast
Under the policy know as the Roosevelt ______, the United States asserted the right to intervene in the Western Hemisphere in order to prevent Europeans from doing so.
b. descended on Washington to demand a program to employ the jobless
What is the best explanation of "free silver?"
a. The U.S. government would promote prosperity by inflating the money supply through minting all the silver offered to it.
McClure's magazine pioneered a new style of journalism featuring, among others, writer Lincoln Steffans, who
d. presented carefully-researched exposes of corporate and government abuses
The settlement house movement lead to the new profession of
d. social work
The 19th amendment.....
c. gave women the right to vote
The Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920 because
b. of women's contributions to the war efforts in World War I at home and abroad
Roosevelt justified his "corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine with the reasoning that
a. the instability of Latin American nations made them vulnerable to intervention by European powers
When the draft began as a means to ensure adequate troops for the war, American public opinion
b. ranged widely from opposition to support