Which one of the following is an amino group?
Which one of the following contains a carboxyl and an amino group?
DNA differs from RNA because DNA
contains thymine in place of uracil.
Which one of the following statements about the monomers and polymers found in living organisms is FALSE?
During digestion monomers are joined together to make polymers which are then absorbed by the body.
Which of the following statements is/are true about dehydration synthesis?
A)All of the choices are correct.
B) Covalent bonds are formed between the monomers.
C) One monomer loses a hydrogen atom, and the other loses a hydroxyl group.
D) Electrons are shared between atoms of
the joined monomers.
E) H2O is formed as the monomers are joined.
ANSWER = A
The tertiary structure of a polypeptide refers to
the overall three-dimensional structure
The results of dehydration synthesis can be reversed by
Proteins differ from one another because
the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain differs from protein to protein.
Which list below consists of only polymers?
proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, polysaccharides
contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Which one of the following will not be affected by the denaturation of a protein?
the number of amino acids in the protein
Organic compounds :
always contain carbon.
One way to convert an oil into a substance that is solid at room temperature is to
chemically saturating the oil by adding hydrogens, decreasing the number of double bonds in the molecules.
Genetic information is encoded in the
sequence of nucleotides in DNA.
Carbon is able to form an immense diversity of organic molecules because of carbon's
A) ability to bond together to form extensive, branched, or unbranched "carbon skeletons."
B) capacity to form single and double bonds.
C) ability to bond with up to four other atoms.
D) tendency to form covalent bonds.
E) All of the choices are correct.
You now know that the old cliche "oil and water don't mix" is true. Why?
Water exhibits polarity and oil does not.
Amino acids can be distinguished from one another by
the chemical properties of their R groups.
In salad dressings, oil quickly separates from vinegar because oils are
Which one of the following is not the proper pairing of a polymer and its monomer?
triglyceride and steroid
Which one of the following is not a type of protein?
A) All of these are types of proteins.
B) signal proteins
E) contractile proteins
Sulfur has atomic number 16. How many single covalent bonds would you expect a sulfur atom to form?
Which of the following factors can result in the denaturation of a protein?
A) chemicals that destroy hydrogen bonds
C) changes in salt concentration
D) changes in pH
E) All of the choices can result in the denaturation of a protein.
The __________ structure of a protein consists of a chain of amino acids assembled in a specific order.
A phospholipid is composed of
one glycerol molecule linked to one phosphate group and two fatty acids
Cellulose differs from starch in that
most animals cannot break down cellulose, whereas starch is easily digested.
Which one of the following statements about animal cell lipids is false?
Many lipids function as enzymes
the building block for proteins
hydrophobic organic molecules containing just carbon and hydrogen
A type of lipid with 4 distinctive carbon rings. Many hormones related to reproduction are this type of lipid
fats and oils..this type of lipid contains glycerol and 3 fatty acids
this molecule contains a phosphate, five carbon sugar and a nitrogenous base and is the building block for DNA and RNA
a monomer for making cellulose and starch and glycogen
A protein containing more than one polypeptide chain exhibits the __________ level of protein structure.
A hydroxyl group is
characteristic of alcohols
Which one of the following statements about the functional groups of organic compounds is false?
All functional groups include a carbon atom of the organic compound's skeleton.