Understanding GCSE Geography for AQA Specification A: Geography Topic 2 Case Study: Kenya (Mass Tourism) Flashcards
Why is Kenya an important tourist destination?
Cultures such as the Masai attract tourists who wish to experience new and unique customs and traditions
Kenya borders the Indian Ocean, giving tourists pristine beaches and tropical waters
Second highest mountain in Kenya, hosting activities such as birdwatching and hiking
What are the social benefits of tourism in Kenya
-Provide jobs for locals (11% of income alone comes from tourism)
-A market for local goods and services (1 million European tourists alone a year)
What are the economic benefits of tourism for Kenya?
-Provides for 21% of Kenya's economy
-Provides 15% of Kenya's GDP
-Money is spent for various crucial services such as healthcare and education
What are the environmental benefits of tourism for Kenya?
-Income gained helps protect wildlife and scenery such as the Bamburi National Trail
-Income from tourists can help open up more conservation areas
What are the social impacts of tourism for Kenya
-Poorly paid, seasonal jobs
-Conflict between tourists and the Masai Mara through exploitation of local culture
What are the economic impacts of tourism for Kenya
-Only 15% of earnings go to the country the rest go to travel agencies
-Price hike in honeypot sites
What are the environmental impacts for Kenya
-Environmental is slightly polluted and destroyed
-Wildlife habitats are threatened due to rapidly expanding infrastructure
What has the local government done to manage the impacts
Savannah and Masai Mara Restoration
-More park rangers
-Preserve the Masai Mara such as putting tourists quotas and controlling the flow of tourists
Diversifying into Eco Tourism
-Various eco resorts such as the Kigio Conservancy have been set up
-Diversifying product range into kayaking, hiking etc.