PSYC 360 - Learning Test #2 Flashcards


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1

The confidence in one's ability to avoid any substance use in the first place, which pertains to primary prevention is

resistance self-efficacy

2

The term ____ refers to the specific phases in health-behavior change

phase-specific self-efficacy

3

"I am confident that I can ... (action), even if ... (a barrier)" are questions that pertain to

Self-efficacy

4

Pleasurable and aversive effects of a behavior and the accompanying material losses and benefits are

physical outcome expectations

5

An optimistic belief where an individual develops an intention to change is

pre-action self-efficacy

6

Select all that apply. Self-efficacy can be enhanced through

  1. emotional arousal
  2. personal accomplishment (mastery)
  3. verbal persuasion
  4. vicarious experience

7

Self-efficacy is different from self-esteem, self-concept, and self-control by

internal attribution perspective, and an operative construct

8

Anticipated social responses to behavioral change come from

social outcome expectations

9

A person's belief about their ability to keep the harmful effects of their addiction to a minimum, which pertains to secondary prevention is

harm-reduction self efficacy

10

What is one example of increasing self-efficacy through emotional arousal?

Help manage aversive emotions that might come during challenges

11

The difference between harm reduction self efficacy and recovery self efficacy in health psychology is

Harm reduction seeks to reduce harmful behaviors, while recovery deals with overcoming failures

12

self-evaluative outcome expectations

anticipation of experiences, such as being ashamed, being proud of oneself, or satisfied, due to internal standards

13

general self-efficacy

your generalized belief that you will be successful at whatever challenges or tasks you might face

14

coping (maintenance) self-efficacy

Beliefs relating to our ability to deal effectively with a stressful stimulus or situation, including pain

15

sociostructural factors

impediments (barriers) or opportunities that reside in living conditions, health systems, political, economic or environmental systems

16

Select all that apply. Banduras criticism of behaviorism is that

  • we can learn by observing others
  • learning through experience can be dangerous
  • trial-by-trial learning is inefficient