mendel and the gene idea chapter 14 Flashcards


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1

a heritable feature that varies among individuals is called- and each variant for a character is called-

character and trait

2

over many generations of self pollination, the planst produce the same variety as the parent plant

true breeding

3

what is hybridization?

mating or crossing of two true-breeding varieties

4

P generation

parental generation

5

f1 generation

first filial generation.

6

alternative versions of Genes account for variations in inherited characters

for example the gene for a flower color in P plants exist in two versions one for purple and the other for a white flowers this is called a alleles

7

For each character an organism inherits two copies of a gene one from each parent

Each somatic cell in a diploidy organism has two sets of chromosomes one set inherited from each parent

8

Law of segregation

two alleles for a heritable character separate during gamete formation and end up in different gametes