LS.8.2.2 Relationships in Ecosystems Flashcards


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1

an organism that makes its own food; an organism that does not consume other plants or animals

Producer

2

an organism that eats other living things to get energy; an organism that does not produce its own food

consumer

3

organisms which carry out the process of decomposition by breaking down dead or decaying organisms

decomposer

4

the ability of an ecosystem to resist changes in the presence of disturbances

stable ecosystem

5

different species of plants and animals living together in the same community at the same time

coexistence

6

when a group works together to the benefit of all the members

cooperation

7

the interaction between organisms or species that use the same resources in which the health of one is negatively affected by the presence of the other

competition

8

a certain type of relationship primarily found between two animal species in which one hunts, kills, and feeds off the other

predation

9

an animal that hunts and eats another animal

predator

10

an animal that is hunted and eaten by another animal

prey

11

indicates the greatest number of any species that can indefinitely exist within a specific habitat without threatening the existence of other species also living in the habitat

carrying capacity

12

The biological processes that enable plants and animals to thrive successfully in their environments

adaptations

13

a relationship between two species of a plant, animal, or fungus in which one lives with, on, or in the other without damage to either

commensalism

14

a certain type of non-mutual relationship found between two different species in which one organism benefits at the expense of the other organism

parasitism

15

a relationship between two species of a plant, animal, or fungus in which one lives off the other and both organisms benefit

mutualism

16

relationship between two species that interact in ways that influence each other's evolution

symbiosis

17

relationship between organisms in which one depends on the other

symbiotic relationship