The union of bacteria cells where information is passed between the F+(donor) to F-(recipient)
The extrachromosomal autonomously replication of circular DNA
F (fertility) factor
Bacterial episome(on plasmid of chromosome) that allows for it to be the donor in conjunction
Hfr (high frequency of recombination)
A bacteria cell where the F factor is integrated into the chromosome, acts as the the origin during conjunction.
A bacterium that's undergone conjunction
The recipient of the transfer during conjunction
The donor during conjunction
A cell that is partial diploid that contains both exogenote and endogenote
Origin of transfer
The fixed point from where the DNA transfer begins during conjunction
Introduction of foreign DNA through external means
A virus that infects bacteria
Mode of infection where the bacteriophage infects the bacteria cell and replicates then lyses the cell, releasing the progeny
A bacteriophage that always completes the lytic cycle
A phage(virus) genome integrates itself into the host's DNA
The state of a bacterial cell with a prophage integrated into it's DNA
Lysogenic bacterium (lysogen)
A bacterial cell that is capable of spontaneously lysis.
Ex to release a prophage integrated in the DNA
A phage that is capable of entering t lysogenic cycle with it's host. Phage that can become a prophage
The movement of genic material through bacteriophage vectors
A molecule composed of a nitrogen base bound to a sugar molecule
A molecule composed of nitrogen base, sugar, phosphate group. the basic block of nucleic acids.
A disproved model of DNA replication where half of daughter strands are predicted to having both strands being fully newly synthesized nucleotides
A disproved model of DNA replication where more or less random intermixed parental and newly synthesized components ofeach strand.
The current model of DNA replication where each strand of parental DNA acts as a template for synthesis of the daughter molecules.
The start point of DNA replication
The point where DNA strands are separated to start replication of each strand
DNA that is being synthesized in the same direction that the replication fork is proceeding.
DNA that is being synthesized in the opposite direction of the replication fork proceeding.
A small single stranded DNA with a RNA primer at the 5' termus synthesized as apart of the lagging strand
The tip/end of a linear chromosome
gene (molecular terminology
Segment of DNA that can be transcribed into RNA and the regulatory sequence that makes transcription possible.
A DNA sequence in a particular sequence that is conserved amongst individuals
RNA processing (co-transcriptional
The modifications( capping, splicing, and polyadenylation) made to eukaryotic RNA prior to leaving nucleus.
production of different mRNA from same primary transcription due to alternative splicing pattens.
primary transcript (pre-mRNA)
eukaryotic RNA prior to processing
RNA used as template for protein synthesis (mRNA)
RNA which is functional as a RNA molecule
Production of RNA from a DNA template
Enzyme that transcribes RNA from DNA
A set of DNA sequences to which RNA polymerase binds to initiates transcription.
A protein that binds to a DNA element to prevent transcription
A protein that binds to a DNA element to activates transcription
A chain of linked amino acids
The part of the protein that is required for functioning
production of a polypeptide chain from mRNA
3 nucleotides in mRNA that encodes for an amino acid
3 nucleotides in tRNA that forms complimentary base pairs to codon.
the ability of the 3rd nucleotide of the anticodon (5' end) to pair imprecisely, allowing the anticodon to align with different codons