Ati Teas Secrets Study Guide - Teas 7 Prep Book, Six Full-Length Practice Tests (1,000+ Questions), Step-By-Step Video Tutorials: [Updated for the 7th: English and Language Use: Important Terms Flashcards


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1

compound noun

is a noun that is made up of two or more words; are sometimes written with hyphens

Ex: mother-in-law

2

relative pronouns

include which, that, and who

3

homophones

are words that sound alike (or similar), but they have different spellings and definitions

Ex: to vs too vs two

4

Affect

(v) to alter, to change, to influence

(n) feeling, emotion, or mood that is displayed

5

Effect

(v) to bring about, to cause to be

(n) a result, a consequence

6

homographs

are words that share the same spelling, and they have multiple meanings

7

Declarative sentence

gives information or makes a statement

Ex: I can fly a kite.

8

imperative sentence

gives an order or command

Ex: Bring me that note.

9

Direct quote

Ex: Nancy said, "I am waiting for Henry to arrive"

10

Indirect quote

Ex: Henry said that he is going to be late to the meeting

11

Quote inside a Quote

The teacher asked, "Has everyone read 'The Gift of the Magi'?"

12

common nouns

are generic names for people, places, and things; are not usually capitalized

13

proper nouns

name specific people, places, or things; are all capitalized

14

General nouns

are the names of conditions or ideas (ex: beauty strength, truth)

15

Collective nouns

are the names for a group of people, places, or things that may act as a whole

(ex: class, company, dozen, group, herd, public, team)

are all treated as singular units

16

intensive pronouns include:

I myself, you yourself, he himself, she herself, etc

17

Relative pronouns include:

which, who, whom, whose

18

Interrogative pronouns include:

what, which, who, whom, whose

19

Demonstrative pronouns include:

this, that, these, those

20

Indefinite pronouns include:

all, any, each, everyone, either/neither, one, some, several

21

Reciprocal pronouns include:

each other, one another

22

transitive verb

is a a verb (drive, run, jump) whose action indicates a receiver (kangaroo, student)

Ex: She plays the piano

23

intransitive verb

do not indicate a receiver of an action (aka does not point to a subject or object)

Ex: They slept

24

Linking verb

connect the subject of a sentence to a noun or pronoun, or they connect a subject with an adjective

include: appear, be, become, feel, grow, seem, smell, sound, and taste

25

Active voice

when the subject of the sentence is doing the action

ex: Jon drew the picture

26

Passive voice

when the subject is acted upon

ex: The picture is drawn by Jon

27

Articles

are adjectives that are used to distinguish nouns as definite or indefinite

28

Definite nouns

are preceded by the article the and indicate a specific person, place, thing, or idea

ex: the bottle

29

Indefinite nouns

are preceded by a or an and do not indicate a specific person, place, thing, or idea

ex: a bottle

30

the positive degree

is the normal form of an adjective/adverb

ex: This work is dificult

31

the comparative degree

compares one person or thing to another person or thing

ex: This work is more difficult than your work; she is smarter than me

32

the superlative degree

compares more than two people or things

ex: this is the most difficult work of my life; She is the smartest lady in school

33

adverb

is a word that is used to modify a verb, adjective, or adverb; a lot of them end with -ly

34

conjunctions

join words, phrases, or clauses and they show the connection between the joined pieces

35

coordination conjunctions

include: and, but, yet, or, nor, for, and so

36

correlative conjunctions

include: either, or, neither, nor, not only, but also

37

subordinating conjunctions

include: whenever, where, wherever, whether, while, before, because, unless, until, when, after, although, since, so that

38

always singular pronouns

include: each, either, everybody, anybody, somebody, and nobody

39

always plural pronouns

include: both, several, and many

40

Participles

is a type of verbal that always functions as an adjective; always end in -ing

ex: praised for their work; shipwrecked on an island

41

Gerunds

type of verbal that always acts as a noun; ends w/ -ing

ex: teaching this class

42

infinitives

is a type of verbal that can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb: always functions as "to (verb)"

43

Simple sentence structure

has one independent clause w/ no dependent clause

44

Compound sentence structure

has two or more independent clauses

45

Complex sentence structure

has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause

46

Compound-Complex sentence structure

has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause