Area

Total number of squares needed to cover a two-dimensional surface.

**Formula: Length x Width**

Base

The bottom layer of a prism. Can be found by multiplying: Length x Width

Dimension

Length, Width, or Height of a figure

Dividend

The number being divided in a division problem.

Divisor

The number we divide a dividend by in a division problem.

Multiple

A product of two or more factors

Ex. 2x3 = **6**

Factor

A number that divides another number equally. Also when two or more are multiplied together they make a product.

**2 x 3** = 6

Parenthesis

Two curved lines used to group math symbols. Shows which math to complete first in an expression.

**(**4x3**)** + 2

Quotient

The answer to a division problem

Volume

The total number of cubes needed to fill a three dimensional shape.

**Formula for a rectangular prism = Length x Width x Height**

Rectangular Prism

A three dimensional shape who has 6 faces that are all rectangles.

Remainder

**The number left over** after dividing one whole number
by another whole number

Commutative Property of Multiplication

A property showing no matter what order you multiply numbers, the product remains unchanged.

**Ex: 4 x 3 = 3 x 4**

Associative Property

Property showing no matter how you group numbers being multiplied, the product remains unchanged

**Ex: (4x3) x 2 = 4 x (3x2)**