Ati Teas Secrets Study Guide - Teas 7 Prep Book, Six Full-Length Practice Tests (1,000+ Questions), Step-By-Step Video Tutorials: [Updated for the 7th: Endocrine System: Hormones Flashcards


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1

Hypothalamas hormones include:

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone, Dopamine, Growth hormone-releasing hormone, Somatostatin, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone, Corticotropin-releasing hormone, Oxytocin, Vasopressin

2

Thyroid hormones include:

Triiodothyronine, Thyroxine

3

Pineal gland hormones include:

melatonin

4

Pituitary gland (anterior) hormones include:

growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin

5

Pituitary gland (posterior) hormones include:

oxytocin, vasopressin, oxytocin (stored), anti-diuretic hormone (stored)

6

Pituitary gland (intermediate)

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

7

TSH aka thyroid stimulating hormone (aka thyrotropin)

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); target the thyroid by stimulating the secretion of thyroid hormones

8

ACTH aka adrenocorticotropic hormone

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); targets the adrenal cortex by stimulating the release of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

9

GH aka growth hormone

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); targets muscle and bone by stimulating growth

10

FSH aka follicle stimulating hormone

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); targets the gonads by stimulating the maturation of sperm cells and ovarian follicles

11

LH aka luteinizing hormones

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); targets the gonads by stimulating the production of sex hormones; surge stimulates ovulation in females

12

PRL aka prolactin

located in the pituitary gland (anterior); targets the mammary glands and stimulates the production of breast milk

13

oxytocin

located in the pituitary gland (posterior); is produced in the hypothalamus and stored/released by pituitary gland (posterior); targets the uterus by stimulating contractions; target site mammary glands by stimulating milk secretions

14

ADH aka antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)

located in the pituitary gland (posterior); produced in the hypothalamus and stored/released by pituitary gland (posterior); targets the kidneys and blood vessels by increasing water retention

15

Melatonin

located in the pineal gland; targets the brain and regulates the daily rhythm (wake and sleep)

16

T3 aka triiodothyronine and T4 aka thyroxine

located in the thyroid gland; targets most cells by stimulating cellular metabolism

17

Calcitonin

located in the thyroid gland; targets bone and kidneys by lowering blood calcium

18

PTH aka Parathyroid hormone

located in the parathyroid gland; targets bone and kidneys by raising blood calcium

19

Thymosin

located in thymus gland; targets lymphatic tissue by stimulating the production of T-cells

20

Insulin

located in the pancreas; targets the liver, muscles, and adipose tissue by decreases blood glucose

21

Glucagon

located in the pancreas; targets the liver by increasing blood glucose

22

GHIH aka growth hormone IH (somatostatin)

located in the pancreas; inhibits the secretin of insulin and glucagon

23

Epinephrine and norephinerine

located in the adrenal medulla; targets heart, blood vessels, liver, and lungs by increases heart rate and increasing blood sugar (fight or flight response)

24

Mineralcorticoids

located in the adrenal cortex; target the kidneys by increasing the retention of Na+ and excretion of K+

25

Glucocorticoids

located in the adrenal cortex; targets most tissues as its released in response to long-term stressors, increases blood glucose (but not as quickly as glucagon)

26

Androgens

located in the adrenal cortex; targets most tissues by stimulating development of secondary sex characteristics

27

Liver hormones include:

insulin-like growth factor (somatomedin), angiotensinogen, angiotensin, thrombopoietin

28

Duodenum hormones include:

secretin, cholecystokinin

29

Kidney hormones include:

renin, erythropoietin, calcitriol, thrombopoietin

30

stomach hormones include:

gastrin, gherkin, neuropeptide Y, somatostatin, histamine, endothelin

31

pancreas hormones include:

insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, pancreatic polypeptide

32

adrenal glands hormones include:

glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, androgens

33

adrenal medulla hormones include:

adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, enkephalin

34

Gastrin

located in the GI tract; targets the stomach and stimulates the release of HCI

35

Secretin and CCK aka cholecystokinin

located in the GI tract; targets the pancreas and liver by stimulating the release of digestive enzymes and bile

36

Erythropoietin

located in the kidneys; targets the bone marrow by stimulating the production of RBCs

37

Calcitriol

located in the kidneys; targets the intestines by increasing the reabsorption of Ca2+

38

ANP aka atrial natriuretic peptide

located in the heart; targets the kidneys and adrenal cortex by reducing reabsorption of Na+, lowers blood pressure

39

Leptin

located in the adipose tissue; targeted the brain by suppressing appetite

40

Estrogen

located in the ovaries and placenta; targets the uterus, ovaries, mammary glands, brain, and other tissues by stimulating uterine lining growth, regulating the menstrual cycle, and facilitating the development of secondary sex characteristics

41

progresterone

located in the ovaries and placenta; targets mainly the uterus and mammary glands by stimulating uterine lining growth, regulating menstrual cycle, and stuff required for maintenance of pregnancy

42

inhibit

located in the ovaries and placenta; targets the anterior pituitary by inhibiting the release of FSH

43

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

located in the placenta; targets the ovaries by stimulating the production of estrogen and progesterone

44

testosterone and inhibin

located in the testes; also targets the tests and many other tissues by promoting spermatogenesis, secondary sex characteristics