Unit 2 part 2 Flashcards


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1

Which of the following types of migration are correctly explained by the example given?

International migration and voluntary migration: Family A from Mumbai has convinced their close friends Family B to emigrate to London as they did in order help start up their business.

2

In 2018, a large number of migrants from Afghanistan and Iraq applied for asylum in the European Union. Which of the following is a pull factor that explains this migration?

Economic growth and employment opportunities in Europe, attracting immigrant workers

3

The international Syrian refugee crisis that started in 2011 is best explained by which of the following migration factors?

A political push factor from Syria, where armed conflict imperils personal safety

4

There has been an increase in asylum seekers from Syria to the European Union in recent years. Which of the following best describes the reason for this migration?

A continuing issue of conflict and political unrest within Syria

5

A refugee enters the European Union in Italy and is temporarily housed in Germany. He is then granted asylum and is permanently settled in Sweden. Which of the following describes this type of migration that is facilitated by the European Union’s open border policies?

Step migration across member states to a final destination

6

Which term best describes the majority of voluntary migrants from South Asia to the Persian Gulf countries of Bahrain, Qatar, and Kuwait during the 1990s and 2000s?

Guest workers

7

Which of the following explains a significant positive impact that the immigration of large populations of Chinese people had on places like Vancouver and Los Angeles?

Chinese immigrants established businesses and religious centers that provided their new cities with greater access to elements of Chinese culture such as arts, cuisine, and religion.

8

Which of the following explains the major effect of migration flow to Southwest Asia from other regions in Asia?

Guest workers migrate to the region for jobs in construction and the oil fields, increasing the volume of exports from the region.

9

The early United States population was predominantly Protestant. In the nineteenth century, urban populations became increasingly Roman Catholic, especially in the cities of the Northeastern United States. This shift in the pattern of religion was caused by

transnational migration from Ireland, southern Germany, and Italy

10

Immigration of asylum applicants from Africa to the European Union, Norway, and Switzerland increased from approximately 50,000 in 2010 to approximately 200,000 in 2016. In 2017, there were approximately 175,000 asylum applicants. Which of the following best explains the trend in asylum seekers from African countries to Europe since 2010?

Political instability and conflict along with high fertility levels over the long term has led to an increase in asylum seekers.

11

Which of the following scenarios explains a demographic push factor for less developed countries?

A large youth population, lacking educational opportunities, seek schooling in more developed countries.

12

A high level of mobility for international migration and employment is best explained by which of the following demographic groups?

Unmarried men in their late twenties with no children and a university education

13

A large number of Turkish people migrated to Germany in the 1960s, when West Germany’s manufacturing economy was booming and Turkey’s economy was predominantly agricultural. Which of the following best describes Turkish migration to Germany?

Voluntary guest workers

14

Which of the following is the best describes an example of transhumance?

Shepherds in France who move their sheep to mountain pastures each summer

15

Which of the following describes forced migration?

British convicts shipped to Australia in the mid-eighteenth to mid-nineteenth centuries

16

Which of the following best explains an effect of migration within the United States between 1950 and 2010 ?

The mean center of the population of the United States shifted to the South and West as workers migrated to areas with more jobs and a warmer climate.

17

Which of the following explains an impact of open-border policies regarding migration within the European Union?

Growing political tensions as immigration increases, due to competition between immigrants and local people for available jobs

18

From 2010 through 2017 there was a large increase in the number of migrants from Africa to Europe. Which of the following explains a possible impact on the emigrant countries of origin during and after that time period?

As more emigrants sent money home, the influx of money created an economic boom in the countries of origin.