# ART101 - Module 6 Flashcards

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1

Symmetrical balance

• precise correspondence of like elements on either side of a central axis
• simplest to create; most religious works

2

Absolute symmetry

• each side of the composition is exactly the same
• rare, mostly used in architecture

3

Bilateral symmetry

• each side of the composition is similar, but there are minor discrepancies between them

4

Asymmetrical balance

• dissimilar objects on either side of axis
• equal visual weight/eye appeal
• “informal”, casual way of obtaining balance

5

Radial balance

• radiates outward from central point (circular)
• more common in nature

6

Crystallographic balance (allover pattern)

• constant repetition of same elements everywhere on surface

7

Imbalance

• isn’t balanced in any way
• done on purpose most of the time

8

Imperial Hotel Façade (Reconstruction)

Frank Lloyd Wright, 1923

• absolute symmetry

9

The Last Supper

Domenico del Ghirlandaio, 1480

• bilateral symmetry

10

Boston Common at Twilight

Childe Hassam, 1885-86

• asymmetrical balance

11

Interior of the Dome at Saint Peter’s Cathedral

Michelangelo, Vatican, Rome

• radial balance

12

Log Cabin Quilt, Pineapple Variation

• Crystallographic balance/allover pattern

13

Death of a Loyalist Soldier

Robert Capa, September 5, 1936

• imbalance

14

Focal point

• what captures our attention; where artist wants us to look

15

Emphasis by contrast

• one element differs from all the others
• interrupts overall pattern, catching our eye

16

Emphasis by isolation

• like element set off by itself

17

Emphasis by scale (hieratic scale)

• largest figure/person is the most important
• common in early renaissance & early egyptian art

18

Emphasis by placement

• person/object at the center of the work is the emphasis/focal point

19

Line-of-sight

• if everyone is looking at a particular location, it will make you do the same
• implied line

20

Afocal

• no focal point can be determined

21

A Zebra

George Stubbs, 1763

• emphasis by contrast

22

The Agnew Clinic

Thomas Eakins, 1889

• emphasis by isolation

23

Enthroned Madonna and Saints

Giotto, c. 1305-10

• emphasis by scale

24

Feast in the House of Levi

Veronese, 1573

• emphasis by placement

25

Las Meninas

Diego Velazquez, 1656

• afocal

26

Scale/Proportion

• deal w/ dimensions of art object in relation to other elements or some standard

27

Repetition/Rhythm

• using the same visual design over and over again within the same composition

28

Unity

• agreement that exists between elements in a design
• created by repeating similar aspects within composition to create a visual harmony

29

Pop Art

• American art movement that originated in England, centered in NY
• drew on popular culture as subject matter
• response against abstract expressionism

30

Daughters of Edward Darley Boit

John Singer Sargent, 1882

• Scale & proportion

31

The Gates of Hell/The Three Shades

Auguste Rodin, 1880-1917

• Repetition

32

Irises

Ogata Korin, c. 1705

• Unity with variety