[Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS ] ; With answers and Audio-CD: Chapter 9: The natural world Flashcards


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1

Agriculture

Ex: Since the birth of agriculture, farmers have tried to avoid using pesticides by employing various biological methods to control nature.

nông nghiệp

2

Animal kingdom

Ex: Man is said to be the most dangerous creature of all the animal kingdom.

vương quốc động vật

3

Burrow

Ex: At night, the meerkat retires to a network of burrows.

hang (cầy, thỏ)

4

Climate

Ex: They wanted to move to a warmer climate.

khí hậu

5

Crop(s)

Ex: The modern-day approach to the biological control of pests is through genetically modified crops.

vụ mùa, mùa màng, cây trồng

6

Decline

Ex: The cane toad did not eat the cane beetle and the toad population spread rapidly leading to the decline of native species of mammals and reptiles.

giảm

7

Den

Ex: The meerkat will make it dens in the crevices between the rocks.

hang

8

Disaster

Ex: Thousands died in the disaster

thảm họa

9

Ecological balance

Ex: It remains to be seen whether this controversial method will have any longterm repercussions, particularly in regards to the ecological balance of the environment where they are grown.

cân bằng sinh thái

10

Ecology

Ex: Oil pollution could damage the fragile ecology of the coral reefs

sinh thái

11

Evolution

Ex: Darwin’s theory of evolution has recently proved wrong.

tiến hóa, phát triển

12

Extinction

Ex: The mountain gorilla is on the verge of extinction.

tuyệt chủng

13

Fauna

Ex: Moreover the fauna and flora of New Zealand in many ways resemble those of Samoa.

hệ động vật

14

Flora

Ex: Moreover the fauna and flora of New Zealand in many ways resemble those of Samoa.

hệ thực vật

15

Genetics

Ex: It is the largest centre for advanced genetics research in Australasia.

ngành di truyền học

16

Habitat

Ex: As a result, it could help to protect other vegetation as well as the habitat of any animals in the area

môi trường sống

17

Human nature

Ex: It is human nature to want to find a solution to our problems.

bản chất con người

18

Insect

Ex: One of the advantages is that farmer can grow plants that produce a poison that is harmful to insects.

côn trùng

19

Mother Nature

Ex: I am constantly amazed by how beautiful and how destructive mother nature can be.

(mẹ) thiên nhiên

20

Pesticides

Ex: Since the birth of agriculture, farmers have tried to avoid using pesticides by employing various biological methods to control nature.

thuốc trừ sâu

21

Prey

Ex: They will even tackle dangerous prey such as scorpions and snakes

con mồi

22

Repercussions

Ex: It remains to be seen whether this controversial method will have any long-term repercussions, particularly in regards to the ecological balance of the environment where they are grown.

tác động, ảnh hưởng

23

Scent

Ex: The air was filled with the scent of wild flowers.

mùi, mùi thơm

24

Species

Ex: 19 species of native animals have become extinct.

giống loài

25

Soil

Ex: That means that farmers will not have to use pesticides and so this should be better for the surrounding environment and the soil.

đất, đất trồng

26

Vegetation

Ex: As a result, it could help to protect other vegetation as well as the habitat of any animals in the area

cây cối (nói chung)

27

Vermin

Ex: Ironically, for centuries the English considered these animals as vermin.

sâu hại, ký sinh

28

Weed

Ex: The yard was overgrown with weeds.

cỏ dại

29

Arid

Ex: Nothing grows in these arid regions

khô cằn

30

Catastrophic

Ex: When farmers try to eliminate the cane beetle by introducing the South American cane toad, the results were catastrophic.

thảm khốc, thảm hại

31

Disastrous

Ex: Other introduced species have proved similarly disastrous among native Australian animals.

thảm họa

32

Domesticated

Ex: These animals are only partly domesticated.

thuần hóa

33

Endangered

Ex: Further 250 species are considered to be either endangered or vulnerable.

bị đe dọa

34

Extinct

Ex: 19 species of native animals have become extinct.

tuyệt chủng

35

Genetically-modified

Ex: The modern-day approach to the biological control of pests is through genetically modified crops.

biến đổi gen

36

Introduced

Ex: Other introduced species have proved similarly disastrous among native Australian animals.

đưa vào, giới thiệu vào

37

Native

Ex: The cane toad did not eat the cane beetle and the toad population spread rapidly leading to the decline of native species of mammals and reptiles.

bản địa

38

Natural

Ex: Animals are much happier living in their natural habitat.

tự nhiên

39

Resistant

Ex: Some fear that insects may become resistant to these new crops and therefore become more even more difficult to control.

có sức đề kháng, chống cự lại

40

Semi-arid

Ex: The meerkat is found exclusively on the semi-arid plains of southern Africa.

nửa khô hạn

41

Tropical

Ex: It could have been a tropical rain forest, so densely covered with trees and without a trace of human inhabitants.

nhiệt đới

42

Vulnerable

Ex: Further 250 species are considered to be either endangered or vulnerable.

dễ bị tổn thương, dễ bị hại

43

Wild

Ex: The plants grow wild along the banks of rivers.

hoang dã

44

Adapt

Ex: Some live in urban areas, adapting well to living in close proximity to humans.

thích nghi

45

Combat

Ex: To help combat the decline, the British have established special clinics for injured hedgehogs.

đánh nhau, chống lại

46

Cultivate

Ex: The land around here has never been cultivated.

trồng trọt, cày cấy

47

Eradicate

Ex: The prickly pear was virtually eradicated.

diệt trừ, xóa bỏ

48

Evolve

Ex: The three species evolved from a single ancestor.

tiến hóa

49

Hibernate

Ex: Bats are social, nocturnal and they migrate to a warmer climate, or hibernate.

ngủ đông

50

Tolerate

Ex: Few plants will tolerate sudden changes in temperature.

tha thứ, chịu đựng