Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 3: The Skeletal System Flashcards


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1

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2

What is the medical term for surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint?

arthrodesis

(ARTHR/O means joint, and -DESIS means to bind or tie together).

3

What is the medical term for inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone?

osteomyelitis

(OSTE/O means bone, MYEL means bone marrow, and -ITIS means inflammation).

4

What is the medical term for a surgical incision or opening into the skull?

craniotomy

(CRANI means skull, and OTOMY means a surgical incision)

5

What is the medical term for the surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint?

synovectomy

(SYNOV means synovial membrane, and -ECTOMY means surgical removal).

6

Which type of fixation device is usually left in the body after the fracture has healed?

Internal fixation

7

Which of the following best describes the term secondary bone cancer?

cancer cells that have spread to bone from other organs such as the breasts, prostate, or lungs

8

When breaking down the term osteopenia, what does the suffix -PENIA mean?

deficiency

9

What type of fracture has occurred when the bone is bent and only partially broken?

greenstick fracture

10

Which of the following health care professionals specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles?

orthopedic surgeon

11

Which of the following options describes an osteochondroma?

a benign bony projection covered with cartilage

12

What type of fracture occurs straight across the shaft of a bone?

transverse fracture

13

What is the medical term for the abnormal softening of the cartilage?

chondromalacia

14

What is a percutaneous diskectomy?

a procedure that is performed to treat a herniated intervertebral disk

15

The medical term that means pertaining to the formation of blood cells is ---.

hematopoietic

(HEMAT/O means blood, and -POIETIC means pertaining to formation)

16

The medical term --- describes an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.

costochondritis

(COST/O means rib, CHONDR means cartilage, and -ITIS means inflammation).

17

The medical term meaning the death of bone tissue resulting from insufficient blood flow to an area of bone is ---.

avascular necrosis

(A- means without, VASCUL means blood vessels, and -AR means pertaining to; NECROSIS means tissue death).

18

The lower portion of the sternum is the ---.

xiphoid process

19

The medical term that refers to the posterior space behind the knee is the ---.

popliteal

20

An abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine is known as
---.

kyphosis

(KYPH means hump, and -OSIS means abnormal condition or disease).

21

The medical term meaning blood within a joint is ---.

hemarthrosis

(HEM means blood, ARTHR means joint, and -OSIS means abnormal condition or disease)

22

The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together is called ---.

crepitation

23

The --- is the only movable bone in the skull.

mandible

24

The --- is also known as the heel bone and is the largest of the tarsal bones.

calcaneus

25

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: inflammation of the bone

OSTE-ITIS

(OSTE means bone, and -ITIS means inflammation).

26

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: the forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it

SPONDYL/O-LISTHESIS

(SPONDYL/O means vertebrae, and -LISTHESIS means slipping).