Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 2: The Human Body in Health and Disease Flashcards


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1

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2

What is the medical term for inflammation of a gland?

adenitis

(ADEN means gland, and -ITIS means inflammation)

3

Which type of tissue suspends the intestines within the abdominal cavity?

mesentery

4

What is the medical term for pertaining to the groin?

inguinal

5

Which type of illness produces physical symptoms for which no disease or other organic cause can be identified?

functional disorder

6

Which of the following terms means toward the lower part of the body?

caudal

(CAUD means tail or lower part of the body, and -AL means pertaining to).

7

What medical term describes the congenital absence or narrowing of a normal body opening or passage?

atresia

8

What is the medical term for the process through which the body maintains a constant internal environment?

homeostasis

9

What is the medical term for a deviation from what is regarded as normal?

anomaly

10

Which of the following terms describes the study of the causes of diseases or abnormal conditions?

Etiology

(ETI- means cause, and -OLOGY means study of).

11

What does the term epidemic mean?

a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area

12

What is the medical term for the incomplete development of an organ or tissue?

hypoplasia

13

Which of the following options describes the term adenocarcinoma?

a malignant tumor that originates in the glands and may spread to other parts of the body

14

Which of the following health care professionals provides ongoing care for patients of all ages?

general practitioner

15

The term --- describes a change in the sequence of a DNA molecule.

genetic mutation

16

Also known as fat, --- tissue provides protective padding, insulation, and support.

adipose

(ADIP means fat, and -OSE means pertaining to)

17

The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell is known as ---.

cytology

(CYT means cell, and -OLOGY means study of)

18

Abnormal development or growth of cells, or the presence of abnormal cells, is known as ---.

dysplasia

(DYS- means bad, and -PLASIA means formation).

19

The increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ is known as ---.

hyperplasia

(HYPER- means excessive, and -PLASIA means formation)

20

A --- is a physician who specializes in the care of older adults.

geriatrician

21

The protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body is known as --- tissue.

epithelial

22

The term --- refers to the back of the body or an organ.

dorsal

(DORS means back of the body, and -AL means pertaining to)

23

An unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment is known as a/an ---illness.

iatrogenic

24

A --- disorder is an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth.

congenital

25

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: a type of gland that secretes chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body

EXO-CRINE

26

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: an outbreak of disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide

PAN-DEM-IC

(PAN- means entire, DEM means population, and -IC means pertaining to).