Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 1 Introduction to Medical Terminology Flashcards


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1

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2

What is the medical term for a wound or injury?

Trauma

3

What is the medical term for the surgical repair of a nerve?

Neuroplasty is the surgical repair of a nerve (NEUR/O means nerve, and -PLASTY means surgical repair).

4

What is the medical term for the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time?

Hemorrhage is the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time (HEM/O means blood and -RRHAGE means bleeding or abnormal excessive fluid discharge).

5

Which combining form means plaque or fatty substance?

ATHER/O

6

What is the medical term for a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease?

prognosis

7

Which of the following terms means a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it?

eponym

8

What does the term arterionecrosis mean?

The term arterionecrosis means the tissue death of an artery (ARTERI/O means artery, and -NECROSIS means tissue death).

9

What does the suffix in the medical term gastrosis mean?

abnormal condition or disease

10

What does the combining form POLI/O mean in the term poliomyelitis?

gray

11

What does the combining form PYR/O in the term pyrosis mean?

fever or fire

12

Which statement describes the term ilium?

the ilium is part of the hip bone.

13

What does the suffix -GRAM mean in the medical term angiogram?

a picture or record

14

What does the prefix HYPER- mean in the medical term hypertension?

excessive

15

The medical term used to describe the time and events surrounding birth is ---.

perinatal

Perinatal refers to the time and events surrounding birth (PERI- means surrounding, NAT means birth, and -AL means pertaining to).

16

The medical screening of patients to determine their priority of need and the proper place for treatment is called ---.

triage

Triage is the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place for treatment

17

A surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid is known as ---.

abdominocentesis

Abdominocentesis is the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid (ABDOMIN/O means abdomen, and -CENTESIS means a surgical puncture to remove fluid).

18

The medical term for the frequent flow of loose or watery stools is diarrhea.

diarrhea

Diarrhea is the frequent flow of loose or watery stools (DIA- means through, and -RRHEA means flow or discharge).

19

The medical term that means pertaining to a virus is ---.

viral

Viral means pertaining to a virus (VIR means virus or poison, and -AL means pertaining to).

20

A localized response to an injury or the destruction of tissues is known as ---.

inflammation

21

The medical term for inflammation of the appendix is ---.

appendicitis

Appendicitis means an inflammation of the appendix (APPENDIC means appendix, and -ITIS means inflammation).

22

The study of the ears, nose, and throat is known as ---.

otorhinolaryngology

Otorhinolaryngology is the study of the ears, nose, and throat (OT/O means ear, RHIN/O means nose, LARYNG means larynx or throat, and -OLOGY means the study of).

23

Greg Brewster is scheduled to have his tonsils removed. The medical term for this procedure is a ---.

tonsillectomy

A tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils (TONSILL means tonsils, and -ECTOMY means surgical removal).

24

The medical term --- describes any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

Mycosis describes any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus (MYC means fungus, and -OSIS means abnormal condition or disease).

25

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: the study of disorders of the newborn

NEO-NAT-OLOGY

Neonatology is the study of disorders of the newborn (NEO- means new, NAT means birth, and -OLOGY means study of).

26

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: abnormal enlargement of the liver

HEPAT/O-MEGALY

Hepatomegaly means abnormal enlargement of the liver. (HEPAT/O means liver and -MEGALY means abnormal enlargement).