Comp 6 ch 47 Flashcards


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1

*The evaluation of urine to obtain information about body health and disease is called a(n) ____________

*urinalysis

2

*When you obtain a urine specimen for drug or alcohol analysis, you must establish a proper chain of ____________.

*custody

3

The presence of which of the following in the urine suggests a bacterial infection in the urinary tract?

Nitrite

4

Which urine specimen contains the greatest concentration of substances?

First morning urine specimen

5

Which of the following would you include in patient instruction about collecting a 24-hour urine specimen?

Instruct the patient to keep the specimen covered and in the refrigerator throughout the test.

6

Catheterization is performed for which of the following reasons?

Relieve the retain urine

7

*The procedure in which a sterile plastic tube is inserted into the kidney, ureter, or bladder to provide urinary drainage is called ____________

*catheterization

8

*A(n) ____________ ____________ urine specimen contains greater concentrations of substances that collect overnight than do specimens taken during the day.

*first morning

9

Which of the following is a measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of the urine?

Urinary ph

10

*The presence of blood in the urine, or ____________ can be caused by cystitis, kidney stones, menstruation, ureteral or bladder catheters, or urethral irritation.

*hematuria

11

Residual urine is __________.

urine remaining in the bladder after voiding

12

Which of the following conditions is suspected when a reagent urine strip for human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) shows positive?

Pregnancy

13

*The ____________ urine specimen is the most common type of sample and may be obtained at any time of the day.

*random

14

Which of the following are nonpathologic causes for colorless or pale urine?

excessive intake of water, beer, and coffee

15

*The centrifuge is used to spin the urine to force the solids (cells, casts, and crystals) to the bottom of the tube. Most of the liquid portion, called the ____________ is poured off, and the remaining sediment is examined by microscope.

*supernatant

16

*Presence of the bile pigment bilirubin in the urine, called ____________ is one of the first signs of liver disease or conditions that involve the liver.

*bilirubinuria

17

*When you obtain a urine specimen for drug or alcohol analysis, you must establish a proper chain of ____________.

*custody

18

*When collecting a urine specimen for drug and alcohol analysis for legal purposes, a transfer bag that is permanently sealed is used to ensure that there has been no tampering with the specimen. Then for legal purposes, a chain of ____________ must be established to document the handling of this type of specimen.

*custody

19

Which of the following is important when obtaining a urine specimen from a patient for drug and alcohol testing?

Explain to the patient that no water may be running in the bathroom while he is providing the sample.