Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 15 Diagnostic Procedures, Nuclear Medicine, and Pharmacology Flashcards


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1

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2

Select the medical term that means force of the blood against the walls of the arteries.

Blood pressure (BP) is the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries.

3

Select the medical term that means number of complete breaths per minute.

Respiration, which is also known as the respiratory rate (RR), is the number of complete breaths per minute.

4

Select the medical term that means abnormal heart sound that is most commonly a sign of defective heart valves.

A heart murmur is an abnormal heart sound that is most commonly a sign of defective heart valves.

5

Select the medical term that means abnormal crackle-like lung sounds heard through a stethoscope during inspiration.

Rales, also known as crackles, are abnormal crackle-like lung sounds heard through a stethoscope during inspiration (breathing in).`

6

Select the medical term that means lying on the back, face up.

In the horizontal recumbent position, also known as the supine position, the patient is lying on the back, face up.

7

Which of the following best identifies a platelet count?

A platelet count measures the number of platelets in a specified amount of blood and is a screening test to evaluate platelet function.

8

How would Aaron explain prothrombin time to the patient?

A prothrombin time (PT), also known as pro time, is a coagulation test used to diagnose conditions associated with abnormalities of clotting time and to monitor anticoagulant therapy.

9

What is a basic metabolic panel?

A basic metabolic panel (BMP, or Profile 8) is a group of eight specific blood tests that provide important information about the current status of the patient’s kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar, and calcium levels.

10

How would you define glycosuria?

Glycosuria is the presence of glucose in the urine ( glycos means glucose, and -uria means urine). This condition is most commonly caused by untreated diabetes mellitus.

11

Which of the following best describes cardiocentesis?

Cardiocentesis, also known as cardiopuncture, is the puncture of a chamber of the heart for diagnosis or therapy ( cardi/o means heart, and -centesis means a surgical puncture to remove fluid).

12

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13

Enter the correct spelling of the term fluroscopy.

The correct spelling of the term is fluoroscopy.

14

Enter the correct spelling of the term radiapaque.

The correct spelling of the term is radiopaque.

15

Enter the correct spelling of the term radiapharmiceuticals.

The correct spelling of the term is radiopharmaceuticals.

16

Enter the correct spelling of the term paliative.

The correct spelling of the term is palliative.

17

Enter the correct spelling of the term acetomenaphen.

The correct spelling of the term is acetaminophen.

18

Select the medical term that means: an injection made directly into muscle tissue

An intramuscular injection (IM) is made directly into muscle tissue ( intra- means within, muscul means muscle, and -ar means pertaining to).

19

Select the medical term that means: an injection made into the fatty layer just below the skin

A subcutaneous injection (SC) is an injection made into the fatty layer just below the skin.

20

Select the medical term that means: a nuclear scanning test that identifies new areas of bone growth or breakdown

A bone scan is a nuclear scanning test that identifies new areas of bone growth or breakdown.

21

Select the medical term that means: the imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of sound wave pulses that are above the range of human hearing

Ultrasonography, commonly referred to as ultrasound or diagnostic ultrasound, is imaging of deep body structures by recording the echoes of sound wave pulses that are above the range of human hearing ( ultra- means beyond, son/o means sound, and -graphy means the process of recording a picture or record).

22

Select the medical term that means: the image produced by the use of radient energy to visualize conditions such as bone fractures

An x-ray is the image produced by the use of radient energy to visualize conditions such as bone fractures.

23

In which type of treatment does the patient follow verbal prompts to envision a specific, peaceful location?

Guided imagery is a type of treatment in which a patient follows verbal prompts to envision a specific, peaceful location in detail, distancing him- or herself from any pain or stress currently being experienced.

24

What is the medical term for the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid?

Abdominocentesis is the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid (ABDOMIN/O means abdomen, and -CENTESIS means a surgical puncture to remove fluid).

25

What is the medical term for an induced effect that is the opposite of what was therapeutically intended?

A paradoxical reaction is the result of medical treatment that yields the opposite of normally expected results.

26

Which instrument is used to examine the interior of the eye?

An ophthalmoscope is an instrument used to examine the interior of the eye (OPHTHALM/O means eye, and -SCOPE means instrument for visual examination).

27

Which tests are performed to determine the compatibility of donor and patient blood before transfusion?

Crossmatch tests are performed to determine the compatibility of donor blood and the recipient's blood before a blood transfusion.

28

Which of the following statements is true regarding ibuprofen?

Ibuprofen acts as an analgesic and antipyretic.

29

Which of the following options describes radiographic positioning?

Placement of the patient's body and the part of the body that is closest to the x-ray film describes radiographic positioning.

30

What is the medical term for a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication dangerous?

A contraindication is a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous.

31

Which test is useful in determining whether a patient has a condition such as liver disease or a blocked bile duct?

A serum bilirubin test is useful in determining whether a patient has a condition such as liver disease or a blocked bile duct.

32

What type of injection is made into the middle layers of the skin?

An intradermal injection is made into the middle layers of the skin.

33

Which of the following options describes respiratory rate?

Respiratory rate is the number of complete breaths per minute.

34

What image is created by ultrasonography?

A sonogram is the image created by ultrasonography (SON/O means sound, and -GRAM means a picture or record).

35

What is the medical term for the flow of blood through an organ?

Perfusion means the flow of blood through an organ.

36

The puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood is known as ---.

Phlebotomy is the puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood (PHLEB means vein, and -OTOMY means a surgical incision).

37

The presence of pus in the urine is known as ---.

Pyuria is the presence of pus in the urine (PY means pus, and -URIA means urine).

38

An abnormally low body temperature is known as ---.

Hypothermia is an abnormally low body temperature (HYPO- means deficient, THERM means heat, and -IA means pertaining to).

39

A cross-sectional view is obtained using ---.

A computed tomography scan uses a thin, fan-shaped x-ray beam to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body.

40

In a --- position, the patient is lying on the abdomen face down.

In a prone position, the patient is lying on the abdomen face down.

41

To listen to the sounds within the patient’s chest, Marty used a/an ---.

A stethoscope is an instrument used to listen to sounds within the body (STETH/O means chest, and -SCOPE means instrument for examination).

42

The placement of medication under the tongue where it is allowed to dissolve slowly is known as --- administration.

Sublingual administration is the placement of medication under the tongue where it is allowed to dissolve slowly (SUB- means under, LINGU means tongue, and -AL means pertaining to).

43

--- are coarse rattling breath sounds that are somewhat like snoring.

Rhonchi are coarse rattling breath sounds that are somewhat like snoring.

44

The laboratory test that measures the percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a whole blood sample is known as a ---.

The term hematocrit describes the percentage, by volume, of a blood sample occupied by red blood cells (HEMAT/O means blood, and -CRIT means to separate).

45

A Japanese technique in which the practitioner transfers healing energy to the patient by means of visualization or gentle touch is known as ---.

Reiki is a Japanese technique in which the practitioner transfers healing energy to the patient by means of visualization or gentle touch.

46

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: the presence of bacteria in the urine

Bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in the urine (BACTERI means bacteria, and -URIA means urine).

47

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: the study of the nature, uses, and effects of drugs for medical purposes

Pharmacology is the study of the nature, uses, and effects of drugs for medical purposes (PHARMAC means drug, and -OLOGY means study of).