Oden and Rochat (2004): Enculturation and Observational Learning Flashcards


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1

Aim

to investigate the role of observational learning on the development of cultural forms of non-Western cultured children

2

Method

Longitudinal study of 28 children in a single Samoan village

3

Procedures

  • Observations were made of the children's behaviors over 25 months.
  • At end of study, children completed a multi-choice test that tested their values of Samoan society

4

Results

Throughout observation, Researchers found that many children's skills had ben acquired through observational learning

Multiple-choice test showed that most children had a basic understanding of the concepts and rituals of their society, despite not having been explicitly taught these

5

Conclusion

Observational learning plays a significant role in enculturation

It is possible for children to learn their values, norms, and behaviors o their culture simply by observation and imitation