Microbiology: Lab Final: Microbiology M01 Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 1 year ago by Tired_Student
47 views
book cover
Microbiology
No Chapter
Images that connect to experiments done in class
updated 1 year ago by Tired_Student
Subjects:
microbiology laboratory
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1
card image

Exercise 2-8: Anaerobic Jar

Plate was inoculated inside the jar

Facultative anaerobe = top; strict aerobe = right; strict anaerobe = left

2
card image

Exercise 2-8: Anaerobic Jar

Plate was inoculated outside the jar

Facultative anaerobe = top; strict aerobe = right; strict anaerobe = left

3
card image

Exercise 2-3: Growth Patterns on Slants

From left to right:

1). flat, dry

2). spreading edge

3). crusty/friable

4). transparent/barely visible

4
card image

Exercise 2-4: Growth patterns in broth

From left to right: in pairs

1 & 2). uniform fine turbidity

3 & 4). sediment (stuff at the bottom)

5 & 6). pellicle (stuff floating on top)

5
card image

Exercise 5-4: Methyl Red test results

Left to right:

1. red color = positive result (mixed acid fermentation)

2. no color change = negative result (no mixed acid fermentation)

6
card image

Exercise 5-4: Voges-Proskauer test results

Left to right:

1. no color change = negative result (no 2,3-butanediol fermentation w/ no acetoin produced)

2. red color = positive result (2,3 - butanediol fermentation w/ acetoin produced)

7
card image

Exercise 5-5: ONPG test

Left to right:

1. Yellow color formation = positive result (organism produces B-galactosidase)

2. No color change = negative result (organism does not produce B-galactosidase)

8
card image

Exercise 5-28: Motility Test

Left to right:

1. red diffuse growth radiating outward from the stab line = positive result (organism is motile)

2. red growth only along the stab line = negative result (organism is nonmotile)

9
card image

Exercise 5-25: Blood Agar

no hemolysis: no change in the medium = organism doe snot hemolyze RBCs

10
card image

Exercise 5-25: Blood Agar

alpha-hemolysis

- cant see it on photo but has green tint to it

alpha-hemolysis: greening around the growth = organism hemolyses RBCs partially

11
card image

Exercise 5-25: Blood Agar

B-hemolysis: clearing around growth = organism hemolyses RBC's completely

12

Exercise 5-21: Triple sugar Iron Agar/Kligler Iron Agar

Other result interpretations not seen in image

1. A/A TSIA

2. K/K

3. NC/NC

1. yellow/yellow = glucose and lactose and/or sucrose fermentation w/ acid accumulation in slant and butt

2. red slant/red butt = no fermentation; peptone catabolized aerobically and anaerobically w/ alkaline products; not from Enterobacteriaceae family

3. No change/no change = organism is growing slowly or not at all; not from Enterobacteriaceae family

13
card image

Exercise 5-21: Triple sugar Iron Agar/Kligler Iron Agar

Left to right: are all KIA slants (TSIA tubes w/ same appearance are scored the same)

1. red slant/yellow but = K/A (glucose fermentation w/ acid production; proteins catabolized aerobically in the slant w/ alkaline products)

2. red slant/no change in butt = K/NC (no fermentation; peptone catabolized aerobically w/ alkaline products; not from Enterobacteriaceae)

3. Uninoculated control

4. black predicate in the agar = H2S (sulfur reduction which is an acid condition from fermentation of glucose & lactose)

5. yellow slant/yellow butt = A/A (glucose and lactose fermentation w/ acid accumulation in slant and butt)

- also cracks in/or lifting of the agar = G (gas production)

14
card image

Exercise 5-13: Starch Hydrolysis (Amylase test)

- are you supposed to read results after or before reading iodine?

Left to right: read results after adding iodine (B)

1. Clearing around growth (halo) = positive result (alpha-amylase and/or oligo-1,6-glucosidase is present)

2. no clearing around growth = negative result (neither alpha-amylase or oligo-1,6-glucosidase is present)

15
card image

Exercise 5-16: Casein Hydrolysis (Casease test)

Bottom to top:

1. no clearing in the agar = negative result (casease is absent)

2. clearing in agar = positive result (casease is present)

16
card image

Exercise 5-20: SIM Medium Sulfur Reduction

left to right:

1. no black in the medium = negative result (sulfur is not reduced)

2. black in the medium = positive result (sulfur reduction w/ H2S production)

17
card image

Exercise 5-20: SIM Medium Indole Production

left to right:

1. Reagent color is unchanged = negative result (organism doesn't produce tryptophanase and tryptophan is not hydrolyzed)

2. red in the alcohol layer of kovac's reagent = positive result (organism produces tryptophanase and hydrolyzes tryptophan into indole and pyruvate)

18
card image

Exercise 5-20: SIM Medium Motility

left to right:

1. no radiating growth = negative result (nonmotile)

2. growth radiation outward from stab line = positive result (motile)

notice: if there is a blackened medium (H2S produced), motility cannot be determined (ND)

19
card image

Exercise 5-11: Decarboxylation test

- media was made w/ lysine

left to right:

1. yellow = negative result (fermentation; no decarboxylation)

2. uninoculated control

no color change = negative (no decarboxylation)

3. purple (may be slight) = positive result (decarboxylation; organism produces the specific decarboxylase enzyme)

20
card image

Exercise 5-7: Oxidase test

Left to right:

1. dark blue/purple within 20 seconds = positive result (cytochrome c oxidase is present)

2. no color change to blue/purple within 20 seconds = negative results (cytochrome c oxidase not present)

21
card image

Exercise 5-6: Catalase Test

Left to right:

1. no bubbles = negative result (catalase is absent)

2. bubbles = positive result (catalase is present)

22
card image

Exercise 5-17: Gelatin Hydrolysis

Top to bottom: they are kinda upside down so read right to left

1. gelatin is liquid (control is solid) = positive result (gelatinase is present)

2. gelatin is solid = negative result (no gelatinase is present)

23
card image

Exercise 5-9: Citrate Utilization test

Left to right:

1. no color change & no growth = negative result (citrate is not utilized)

2. uninoculated control

3. blue (even a small amount) = positive result (citrate is utilized)

also have: no color change & growth = positive result (citrate is utilized)

24
card image

Exercise 5-3: PR broths

1. yellow broth, bubble in tube (A/G) = fermentation w acid and gas end products

2. yellow broth, no bubble in tube (A/-) = fermentation w/ acid end products; no gas produced

3. uninoculated control

4. red broth, no bubble in tube (-/-) = no fermentaton

5. pink broth, no bubble in tube (K) = degradation of peptone; alkaline end products

25
card image

Exercise 5-12: Phenylalanine Deaminase Test

1. green color = positive result (phenylalanine deaminase is present)

2. uninoculated control

3. no color change = negative result (phenylalanine deaminase is absent)

26
card image

Exercise 5-8: Nitrate Reduction test

- broth before addition of reagents

2. uninoculated control

5. gas (non-fermenter) = positive result (denitrification - production of nitrogen gas)

27
card image

Exercise 5-8: Nitrate Reduction test

- after addition of reagents

1. Red color (after addition of reagants A and B) = positive result (nitrate reduction to nitrite; nitrate reductase is present)

3. no color change (after the addition of reagants A and B) = incomplete test; requires the addition of zinc dust

4. no color change (after the addition of reagants A and B) = incomplete test; requires the addition of zinc dust

28
card image

Exercise 5-8: Nitrate Reduction test

3. red color (after addition of zinc dust) = negative result (no nitrate reduction)

4. no color change (after addition of zinc dust) = positive result (nitrate reduction to nongaseous nitrogenous compounds)

29
card image

Exercise 5-18: Urea Hydrolysis (Urease test)

1. orange or yellow (24h) to orange or yellow (6 days) = negative result (no urea hydrolysis; urea is absent)

2. uninoculated control

3. all pink (24h) = positive result (rapid urea hydrolysis; strong urease production)

also have partially pink or orange/yellow (24h) to all pink or partially pink (6 days) = weak positive result (slow urea hydrolysis; weak urease production)

30
card image

Exercise 4-4: Mannitol Salt Agar

top to bottom:

1. yellow growth or halo (Y) = organism produces acid from mannitol fermentation and is likely pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus

1a. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by NaCl

2. red growth (no halo) (R) = organism does not ferment mannitol and is Staphylococcus other than S.aureus

2a. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by NaCl

also have poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by NaCl & is not Staphylococcus

31
card image

Exercise 4-1: Phenylethyl Alcohol Agar

top/bottom are gram(+) and left/right gram(-):

1. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by phenylethyl alcohol and is a probable Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, or Lactococcus

2. poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by phenylethyl alcohol and is a probably gram(-) organism

32
card image

Exercise 4-5: MacConkey Agar

left/right are gram(+) cocci and top/bottom are gram(-) Enterobacteriaceae:

1. poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by crystal violet and or/bile and is gram(+)

2. poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by crystal violet and or/bile and is gram(+)

3. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by crystal violet or bile and is gram(-)

3a. pink to red growth w/ or w/o bile predicate = organism produces acid from lactose fermentation and is a probable coliform

4. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by crystal violet or bile and is gram(-)

4a. growth is "colorless" aka not red or pink (C) = organism does not ferment lactose and is a noncoliform

33
card image

Exercise 4-6: Eosin Methylene Blue Agar (Levine)

Left/right are gram(+) cocci and top/bottom are Enterobacteriaceae w/ a conform on top and a noncoliform at the bottom

1. poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by eosin and/or methylene blue and is gram(+)

2. poor growth (P) or no growth (N) = organism is inhibited by eosin and/or methylene blue and is gram(+)

3. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by eosin and methylene blue and is gram(-)

3a. growth is "dark" (purple to back, w/ or w/o green metallic sheen) (D) = organism ferments lactose and/or sucrose w/ acid production and is a possible coliform

4. good growth (G) = organism is not inhibited by eosin and methylene blue and is gram(-)

4a. growth is "colorless" aka not red or pink (C)= organism does not ferment lactose and is a noncoliform

34

Exercise 9-10: Capsule Stain

- explain the process

card image

if capsules are present, they will appear white against a stained background

35

Exercise 3-6: Negative Stains

- explain the process

card image

always stain background with acidic dye

(circles are air bubbles)

- used to measure cell size and shape

36

Exercise 3-7: Gram Stain

- explain the process

card image

Positive = walls have a lot of peptidoglycan

Negative = not a lot of peptidoglycan in walls (and prescense of cell membrane)

37

Aerotolerance categories

card image

38

Exercise 3-10: Endospore Stain

- explain the process

card image