Chapter 5 Earth's Surface (Gardner-4) Flashcards


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1

Any water that is underground.

groundwater

2

Slow changes to Earth's surface include

weathering, erosion and deposition

3

Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks

minerals

4

Which part of the water cycle warms liquid water so that it turns to a gas form and rises?

evaporation

5

A rock that formed from cooled lava has no crystals. How did it cool?

quickly

6

Rapid changes to Earth's surface include:

volcanoes, earthquakes and natural disasters

7

Rocks that form from molten rock (lava/magma) are called__________.

igneous rock

8

What powers the water cycle?

the sun

9

The type of rock that has layers of sediments that settle on top of one another

sedimentary rock

10

What makes up 97% of water on Earth?

salt water

11

What is the laying down or dropping of weathered bits of rock?

deposition

12

What occurs along a fault and causes the Earth to shake when the plates suddenly shift?

earthquake

13

A _________ is a natural land feature on Earth's surface.

landform

14

The process of carrying away weathered bits of rocks.

erosion

15

Any form of water that falls to the Earth in the form of rain, sleet or snow.

precipitation

16

A mineral can scratch another mineral that has a _______hardness than itself.

lower

17

The process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into smaller pieces.

weathering

18

A _________ is a crack or break in rocks where Earth's crust can move suddenly.

fault

19

Rocks that have changed as result of heat and pressure are_________.

metamorphic

20

Which part of the water cycle changes water vapor back to liquid droplets that collect in the clouds?

condensation