comp 6 ch 6 Flashcards


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1

Which of the following is most likely spread by airborne transmission?

Influenza

2

*A person who has little or no immunity to infection by an organism is called a(n) ______________ host.

*susceptible

3

The appropriate way to handle and dispose of contaminated sharps is to __________.

place used sharps in a rigid, leakproof, puncture-resistant biohazardous waste container

4

Red bags or bags that have a biohazardous waste label are used for __________.

dressings contaminated with blood or body fluids

5

*Laws set forth in the OSHA ______________ Pathogens Standard of 1991 dictate how you must handle infectious or potentially infectious waste generated during medical or surgical procedures.

*bloodborne

6

*Many pathogens require a(n) ______________ ______________to provide nutrition and a place to multiply. This can be an animal, insect, or human whose body is capable of sustaining the growth of a pathogen.

*reservoir host

7

The infection cycle begins when a pathogen is established in the __________.

reservoir host

8

What type of infection is caused by a microorganism that is normally beneficial or harmless to humans?

endogenous infection

9

The body's ability to resist pathogens and disease is called __________.

immunity

10

An employer is required to offer a medical worker the HBV vaccination within __________ days of starting employment.

10 days

11

*When a normally beneficial microorganism becomes pathogenic, the infection that develops is a(n) ______________ infection.

*endogenous

12

The federal administration that was created in 1970 to help protect employee safety in the workplace is __________.

OSHA

13

*OSHA's ______________ ______________ clause requires employers to maintain a workplace free from hazards that are recognized as likely to cause death or serious injury.

*general duty

14

The most important aseptic procedure for a medical assistant is __________.

Proper hand hygiene

15

The appropriate gloves to use when cleaning up a spill in the work environment are __________.

Utility gloves

16

*A living organism that carries microorganisms from an infected person to another person is known as a(n)______________

*vector

17

All biohazardous waste containers must have which type of label attached.

Orange-red

18

The OSHA Standard Precautions apply to which of the following?

blood

19

An individual into whom a pathogen has been transmitted and who has little or no immunity to infection by that organism is a __________.

susceptible host

20

The condition in which pathogens are absent or controlled is __________.

asepsis

21

*Fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes are ______________ that often carry organisms responsible for disease.

*vectors

22

*______________ ______________ ______________ is any type of protective gear worn to guard against physical hazards and must be provided by the employer at no charge to the employee.

*personal protective equipment