Chapter 25 - Urinary Anatomy Quiz Flashcards


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1

The glomerulus is a capillary network connected to the afferent and efferent arterioles.

1) True

2) False

True

2

The glomerular capillaries:

1) return material to the blood

2) filter material from the blood

3) make urea

4) contain urine in its final state

5) surround the kidney as the true capsule

filter material from the blood

3

Which of the following is affected during the micturition (urination response)?

1) epithelium

2) serosa

3) connective tissue

4) detrusor muscle

detrusor muscle

4

The role of the urinary bladder is to:

1) produce urine

2) alter pH of urine

3) store and expel urine

4) collect reproductive products

5) regulate ionic composition of urine

store and expel urine

5

Which of the following region contains the renal pyramid?

1) Cortex

2) Pelvis

3) Major calyx

4) Medulla

Medulla

6

Major calyces are large branches of:

1) a renal column

2) the pelvis

3) the renal sinus

4) interlobular artery

the pelvis

7

Which of the following describes the renal sinus?

1) A sinus in the renal bone

2) A space on the lateral aspect of the kidney

3) A space on the medial aspect of the kidney

4) A space in the pelvis

A space on the medial aspect of the kidney

8

The afferent arterioles of the glomerulus arise from the:

1) lobar veins

2) cortical radiate veins (interlobular veins)

3) arcuate arteries

4) cortical radiate arteries (interlobular arteries)

5) arcuate veins

cortical radiate arteries (interlobular arteries)

9

The macula densa cells respond primarily to:

1) levels of aldosterone in the blood

2) levels of ADH in the blood

3) changes to hydrostatic pressure in the DCT

4) changes in solute content of filtrate

changes in solute content of filtrate

10

The functional unit of the kidney is the glomerulus.

1) True

2) False

False

11

Renin is present in:

1) the smooth muscle cells of the renal vein

2) the smooth muscle cells of the afferent arteriole

3)the smooth muscle cells of the DCT

4) the columnar cells of the DCT

5) columnar cells of the efferent arteriole

the smooth muscle cells of the afferent arteriole

12

Proximal convoluted tubules are:

1) more numerous

2) have large cuboidal cells

3) have a smaller lumen

4) all of the above

all of the above

13

When one passes urine which of the following will happen?

1) contraction of the detrusor and the urinary sphincters

2) contraction of the detrusor and relaxation of the urinary sphincters

3) relaxation of the detrusor and the urinary sphincters

4) relaxation of the detrusor and contraction of the urinary sphincters

contraction of the detrusor and relaxation of the urinary sphincters

14

Transitional epithelium is ideal as the lining epithelium for the bladder and ureter, because it:

1) is secretory

2) allows filtration

3) stretches/expands

4) has a layer of keratin which is water proof

stretches/expands

15

All of the following statements are true, EXCEPT:

1) The muscle of the bladder is called the detrusor muscle

2) The lining of the bladder is transitional epithelium

3) The area of the trigone show two urethral orifices and one ureteral orifice

4) The urinary bladder receives urine from 2 ureters

The area of the trigone show two urethral orifices and one ureteral orifice

16

The filtration membrane is formed by the parietal layer of the Bowman's capsule, fused basement membranes, and capillary endothelium.

1) True

2) False

False

17

Which of the following structures would not be found in the medulla of the kidney?

1) glomerulus

2) descending limb of loop of Henle

3) ascending limb of loop of Henle

4) Collecting duct

glomerulus

18

Place the structures below in the proper sequence as the filtrate (or urine) would pass through them:
1. Loop of the nephron (loop of Henle)
2. Distal convoluted tubule
3. Proximal convoluted tubule
4. Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule
5. Collecting tubules and duct

1) 3, 2, 1, 4, and 5

2) 4, 3, 2, 1, and 5

3) 3, 4, 1, 2, and 5

4) 2, 3, 1, 4, and 5

5) 4, 3, 1, 2, and 5

4, 3, 1, 2, and 5

19

The correct sequence for urine flow would be:
1. ureter
2. nephron
3. renal pelvis
4. urethra
5. bladder

1) 2, 1, 3, 4, 5

2) 2, 3, 1, 5, 4

3) 3, 4, 5, 2, 1

4) 1, 2, 3, 5, 4

5) 3, 2, 5, 1, 4

2, 3, 1, 5, 4

20

What does the glomerulus and the renal tubule form?

1) juxtaglomerular apparatus

2) nephron

3) Henle's loop

4) none of the above

nephron

21

The Bowman's capsule consists of:

1) Parietal and visceral layers

2) Afferent and efferent arterioles

3) Thick and thin segments

4) None of the above

Parietal and visceral layers

22

The hilum of the kidney is present on it's convex lateral surface.

1) True

2) False

False

23

A person with kidney damage would be likely to suffer from?

1) Anemia

2) Bleeding disorders

3) Transfusion reactions

4) Decrease in blood supply to all organs

Anemia

24

The parasympathetic nervous system will cause:

1) Contraction of the bladder musculature

2) Contraction of internal urethral sphincter

3) Relaxation of detrusor muscle

4) None of the above

Contraction of the bladder musculature

25

The area between two pyramids is called:

1) lobe

2) lobule

3) sinus

4) renal column

5) hilum

renal column