Chapter 19 HW Circulation Flashcards


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human anatomy & physiology ii
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1

A thrombus (blood clot) in the first branch of the arch of the aorta would affect the flow of blood to the ________.

  • left upper arm
  • left side of the head and neck
  • right side of the head and neck and right upper arm
  • myocardium of the heart

right side of the head and neck and right upper arm

2

The branches of the abdominal aorta include all of the following except:

  • superior mesenteric
  • celiac trunk
  • gonadal
  • bronchial

bronchial

3
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4

The cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis) is an arterial anastomosis. True or False.

True

5
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6
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7
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Name the vein at A.

  • femoral vein
  • small saphenous vein
  • fibular vein
  • external iliac vein

femoral vein

Ex.

The femoral vein is the largest vein draining the lower extremity. It unites with other veins to form the external iliac vein.

8
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From what artery does the right common carotid artery arise?

  • brachiocephalic trunk
  • aortic arch
  • external carotid artery
  • internal carotid artery

brachiocephalic trunk

Ex.

The brachiocephalic trunk is found only on the right side of the body, and it splits to form the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery. These two arteries arise independently from the aorta on the left side of the body.

9
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10
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Which artery branches off the subclavian arteries?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

A

Ex.

The vertebral arteries, which travel up the spinal column via the transverse foramina of the cervical bones, arise from the subclavian arteries.

11
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12

Blood from the common iliac veins will drain into the:

  • femoral
  • internal iliac
  • inferior vena cava
  • external iliac

inferior vena cava

Ex.

Remember that with veins, it goes back up TOWARDS the heart.

13

Blood flowing in the axillary artery will first continue into which artery?

  • subclavian
  • aorta
  • radial and ulnar
  • brachial

brachial

Ex.

Remember that with arteries, it goes down AWAY the heart.

14
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