“Doing the right thing” basing business decisions on what is morally right
Aims or targets a business sets out to achieve
A document setting out a business's objectives and how it will achieve them
business, or other organization which is owned and run jointly by its members, who share the profits or benefits.
Corporate Social Responsibility,
businesses who take responsibility for the social and economic impact of their activity
Someone who invests capital, takes a risk and starts up and operates a new business venture
Business expansion taking over or merging with another business )
person or group outside the business impacted by the business activity
Buying the license to use another companies logo and sell their products.
Business is a separate legal entity - separation between owners and the company
Business expansion without taking over or merging with another business (organic growth)
Individual or group inside the business impacted by the business activity (owners/shareholders, managers, employees)
Two companies share capital and expertise on a project. Share risks and profits.
Owners responsibility for company debts restricted to what they have invested
A mission statement is a visionary aim for a business of the direction/purpose
Goods or services we need to survive
the potential benefits a business misses out on when choosing one alternative over another.
Two or more people join to set up a business. Shared decision making, capital invested and risk.
Using natural resources to make raw materials for business
Private Limited Company
Incorporated business with shares sold to friends and family. Limited liability.
Part of the economy owned and controlled by private individuals
Government owned organisation set up to provide service to the public
Public Limited Company
Incorporated business with shares sold to general public. Limited liability.
Part of the economy owned and controlled by the government
Purpose of Business Activity,
Business satisfies peoples (consumers) wants
Sector of the economy is based upon the economic activity that is associated with either the intellectual or knowledge-based economy.
Not enough resources/goods or services to provide for peoples' (consumers) unlimited wants
Manufacturing goods from raw materials
private enterprise which uses profits to persue environmental or social objectives
A business owned by one person who is responsible for all decisions, capital invested and risk.
People in business focus on what they do best
Services to consumers and other businesses (B2B)
Triple Bottom Line,
Business objectives not just based on profit, but also social and environmental objectives
No separation between the company and the owners in law
Owners personal assets may be taken to pay for debts of the company.
Selling price - cost of bought in materials
Good or service people want but isn't essential for survival
An intrapreneur is an employee who is tasked with developing an innovative idea or project within a company. The intrapreneur may not face the outsized risks or reap the outsized rewards of an entrepreneur; however, the intrapreneur has access to the resources and capabilities of an established company.
A multinational corporation (MNC) is a company that has business operations in at least one country other than its home country. Generally, a multinational company has offices, factories, or other facilities in different countries around the world as well as a centralised headquarters which coordinates global management.
(Added Value) the difference between the cost of purchasing bought-in materials and the price the finished goods are sold for.
Factors of production
Factors of production are the inputs needed for creating a good or service, and the factors of production include land, labor, entrepreneurship, and capital.
Dynamic Business Environment
Business Risk and
Business Risk is the exposure a company or organization has to factor(s) that will lower its profits or lead it to fail.
A merger is an agreement that unites two existing companies into one new company.
when a company buys more than 50% of the shares of another company and becomes the controlling owner of it – often referred to as ‘acquisition’.
integration with a business in a different industry
Horizontal integration –integration with firms in the same industry
same stage of production
Vertical Integration (forward and backward)
"Forward - forward integration with
Strategic alliances are agreements between firms in which each agrees to commit resources to achieve an agreed set of objectives. The agreement is less complex and less binding than a joint venture, in which two businesses pool resources to create a separate business entity.
SMART Criteria: (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Relevant, Time-Specific) to guide in the setting of goals and objectives for better results
The acquisition of one company by another with the full knowledge and consent of the target company's board of directors.
The acquiring company tries to take over a target company against the wishes of the target company's management.