The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with HIV -2. The client's CD4+ cell count t is 399/mm. What action by the nurse is best?
A.Counsel the client on safer sex practices/abstinence.
B.Encourage the client to abstain from alcohol.
C.Facilitate genetic testing for CD4+ CCR5/CXCR4 co- receptors.
D.Help the client plan high-protein/iron meals.
The nurse is presenting information to a community group on safer sex practices. The nurse would teach that which sexual practice is the riskiest?
A. Anal Intercourse
The nurse providing direct client care uses specific practices to reduce the change of acquiring infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) from clients. Which practice is most effective?
A. Consistent use of Standard Precautions
B.Double - gloving before body fluid exposure
C. Labeling charts and armbands HIV +
D. Wearing a mask within 3 feet of the client.
A client with known HIV -2 is admitted to the hospital with fever, night sweats and severe cough. Laboratory results include a CD4+ cell count of 180 and a negative tuberculosis skin test 4 days ago. What action would the nurse take first?
A. initiate Droplet Precautions for the client.
B. Notify the primary health care provider about the CD4+ results.
C.Place the client under airborne precautions.
D. Use standard precautions to provide care.
A nurse is talking with a client about a negative enzyme - liked immunosorbent away (ELISA) test for human immune deficiency virus (HIV). The test is negative and the client states "Whew! I was really worried about that result. What action by the nurse is most important?
A.Asses the client's sexual activity and patterns.
B. Express happiness over the test result.
C. Remind the client about safer sex practices.
D. Tell the client to be rested in 3 months.
A client with HIV - 2 has had a sudden decline in status with a large increase in viral load. What action would the nurse take first?
A. Ask the client about travel to any foreign countries.
B. Assess the client for adherence to the drug regimen.
C.Determine if the client has any new sexual partners.
D. Request information about new living quarters or pets.
A client is hospitalized with Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. The client reports shortness of breath with activity and extreme fatigue. What intervention is best to promote comfort?
A. Administer sleeping medication.
B Perform most activités for the client.
C. Increase the clients oxygen during activity.
D. Pace activities, allowing for adequate rest.
A client with HIV -3 and wasting syndrome has inadequate nutrition. What assessment finding by the nurse best indicates that goals have been met for this client problem?
A. Chooses high protein food.
B. Has decreased oral discomfort.
C. Eats 90% of meals and snacks.
D.Has a weight gain of 2 pounds in 1 month
A client with HIV 3 is hospitalized and he was weeping capos sarcoma lesions. The nurse dresses them with sterile gauze. When changing these dressings, which action is most important for the nurse's safety?
A. Adhering to standard precautions.
B. Assessing tolerance to dressing changes.
C. Performing hand hygiene before and after care.
D. Disposing of soiled dressings properly
A client with HIV -3 is admitted to the hospital with Toxoplasma Gondi infection. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate?
A. Initiate Contact Precautions.
B. Conduct frequent neurologic assessments.
C. Conduct Frequent respiratory assessments.
D. Initiate Protective precautions.
A client has just been informed of a positive HIV test. The client is distraught and does not know what to do. What intervention by the nurse is best?
A. Assess the client for support systems.
B. Determine if a clergy member would help.
C. Explain legal requirements to tell sex partners.
D. Offer to tell the family for the client.
A nurse is caring for a client with IV -3 who was admitted with HAND. What sign or symptoms would be most important for the nurse to report to the primary health care provider?
B. Change in pupil size
C. Weeping open lesions
A client has been hospitalized with an opportunistic infection secondary to HIV 3. The client's partner is listed as a emergency contact, but the client's mother insists that she should be listed instead. What action by the nurse is best?
A. Contact the social worker to assist the client with advance directives.
B. Ignore the mother, the client does not want her to be involved.
C. Let the client known, gently, that nurses cannot be involved in these disputes.
D. Tell the client that, legally, the mother is the emergency contact.
A client with HIV 2 is hospitalized for an unrelated condition, and several medications are prescribed in addition to the regimen already being used. What action by the nurse is most important?
A. Consult with the pharmacy about drug interactions.
B. Ensure that the client understands the new medications.
C. Give the new drugs without considering the old ones.
D. Schedule all medications at standard times.
A client with HIV 3 has been hospitalized with suspected cryptosporidiosis. What physical assessment would be most important with this condition?
A. Auscultating the lungs
B. Assessing mucous membranes
C. Listening to bowel sounds
D. Performing a neurologic examination
A client with HIV 3 asks the nurse why gabapentin is part of the drug regimen when the client does not have a history of seizures. What response by the nurse Is best?
A.Gabapentin can be used as an antidpressant too
B. I have no idea why you would be taking this drug.
C. This drug helps treat the pain from nerve irritation
D. You are at risk for seizures due to fungal infections
An HIV - negative client who has an HIV positive partner asks the nurse about receiving tenofovir/emtricitabine. What information is most important to teach the client about this drug?
A. Does not reduce the need for safe sex practices.
B.Has been taken off the market due to increases in cancer.
C. Reduces the number of HIV test you will need.
D. Is only used for post exposure prophylaxis.
A nurse is learning about human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection. Which statements about HIV infection are correct? (Select all that apply)
A. CD4+ cells begin to create new HIV virus particles.
B. Antibodies produced are incomplete and do not function well.
C. Macrophages stop functioning properly.
D. Opportunistic infections and cancer are leading causes of death.
E. People with HIV I disease are not infectious to others.
F. The CD4+ T cell is only affected when the disease has progressed to HIV 3.
A,B,C and D
Which findings are AIDS defining characteristics? (Select all that apply)
A. CD4+ cell count less than200.
B.Infection with P. Jiroveci
C.Positive enzyme liked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test for human immune deficiency virus (HIV)
D. Presence of HIV wasting syndrome
E. Taking antiretroviral medications
F. Confusion, dementia or memory loss
A,B,D and F
The nurse is teaching a client about medications for HIV 2 treatment. What drugs are paired with the correct information? (Select all that apply.)
A. Abacavir: avoid fatty and fried foods.
B.Efavirenz: take 1 hour before or 2 hours after antacids.
C. Atazanavir: check pulse daily and report pulse greater than 100 beats/min
D. Dolutegravir: do not take this medication if you become pregnant
E. Enfuvirtide: teach client how to operate syringe infusion pump for administration.
F. All drugs: you must adhere to the drug schedule at least 90% of the time for effectiveness.
A,B and F
A client with HIV 3 is hospitalized with P. jiroveci pneumonia and is started on the drug of choice for this infection. What laboratory values would be most important for the nurse report to the primary health care provider? (Select all that apply)
A.Aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase:elevated
B. CD4 + cell count: 180
C. Creatinine: 1 mg/Dl
D. Platelet count: 80,000
E. Serum sodium: 120
F. Serum Potassium: 3.4
A,D and E
A client with HIV 3 has oral thrush and difficulty eating. What actions does the nurse delegate to the assistive personnel (AP)? (Select all that apply.)
A. Apply oral anesthetic gels before meals.
B. Assist the client with oral care every 2 hours.
C. Offer the client frequent sips of cool drinks.
D. Provide the client with alcohol - based mouthwash
E. Remind the client to use only a soft toothbrush
F. Offer the client soft foods like gelatin or pudding.
B,C,E and F
A client with HIV 3 is in the hospital with severe diarrhea. What actions does the nurse delegate to assistive personnel (AP)? (Select all that apply.)
A. Assessing the client's fluid and electrolyte status
B. Assisting the client to get out of bed to prevent falls.
C. Obtaining a bedside commode if the client is weak.
D. Providing gentle perianal cleansing after stool
E. Reporting any perianal abnormalities.
B,C,D and E
The nurse is educating a client with HIV 2 and the partner on self care measures to prevent infection when blood counts are low. What information does the nurse provide? (Select all that apply.)
A. Do not work in the garden or with houseplants.
B. Do not empty the kitty litter boxes.
C. Clean your toothbrush in the dishwasher daily.
D. Bathe daily using antimicrobial soap.
E. Avoid people who are sick and large crowds.
F. Make sure meat, fish and eggs are cooked well.
A,B,D,E and F
A nurse is providing education about HIV risks at a health fair. What groups would the nurse include as needing to be tested for HIV on an annual basis? (Select all that apply)
A. Antone who received a blood product in 1989.
B.Couples planning on getting married
C. Those who are sexually active with multiple partners
D.Injection drug users
E. Sex workers and their customers
F. Adults over the age of 65 years.
B,C,D and E
A nurse begins a job at a veterans administration hospital and asks why so much emphasis is on HIV testing for the veterans. What reasons is this nurse given? (Select all that apply.)
A. Veterans have a high prevalence of substance abuse.
B. Many veterans may engage in high risk behaviors.
C. Many older veterans may not know their risks.
D.Everyone should know their HIV status.
E. Believe that the VA has tested them and would notify them if positive.
A,B,C,D and E