Chapter 23 APUSH Multiple Choice Flashcards


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1

At the conclusion of the Civil War, General Ulysses S. Grant

accepted gifts of house and money from citizen

2

As a result of the Civil War,

waste, extravagance, speculation, and graft reduced the moral stature of the Republic

3

Which one of the following ideas is least related to the other three?

"Ohio idea"

4

One weapon that was used to put Boss Tweed, leader of New York City's infamous Tweed Ring, in jail was

the cartoons of the political satirist Thomas Nast

5

The Credit Mobilier scandal involved

railroad construction kickbacks

6

In an attempt to avoid prosecution for their corrupt dealings. The owners of Credit Mobilizer

distributed shares of the company's valuable stock to key congressmen

7

Match each politician below with the Republican political faction with which he was associated.

A. Roscoe Conkling
B. James Blaine
C. Horace Greeley
D. Ulysses Grant

1. "Half-Breeds"
2. Stalwarts
3. Regular Republicans
4. Liberal Republicans

A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

8

One cause of the panic that broke in 1873 was

the construction of more factories than existing markets would bear

9

As a solution to the panic or depression of 1873, debtors suggested

inflationary policies

10

One result of Republican "hard money" policies was

the formation of the Greenback Labor Party

11

Those who enjoyed a successful political career in the post- Civil War decades were usually

party loyalists

12

During the Gilded Age, the Democrats and the Republicans

had a few significant economic differences

13

One reason for the extremely high voter turnouts and partisan fervor of the Gilded Age was

sharp ethnic and cultural differences in the membership of the two parties

14

During the gilded age, the lifeblood of both the democratic and the Republican parties was

political patronage

15

The sequence of presidential terms of the "forgettable presidents" of the Gilded Age (including Cleveland's two non-consecutive terms) was

Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison, Cleveland

16

In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that

"separate but equal" facilities were constitutional.

17

At the end of Reconstruction, Southern whites disenfranchised African Americans with

all of the above

18

The presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes opened with

scenes of class warfare.

19

Labor unrest during the Hayes administration stemmed from

the collapse of the steel industry.

20

Labor unrest in the 1870s and 1880s resulted in

the use of federal troops during strikes

21

In the wake of anti-Chinese violence in California, the United States Congress

passed a law prohibiting the immigration of Chinese laborers to America

22

One of the main reasons that the Chinese came to the United States was to

dig for gold

23

The Chinese word tong means

meeting hall

24

The pendleton Act required appointees to public office to

take a competitive examination

25

On the issue of the tariff, President Grover Cleveland

advocated a lower rate

26

The major campaign issue of the 1888 presidential election was

tariff policy

27

In the later decades of the nineteenth century, it was generally true that the focus of political power was

congress

28

The early Populist campaign to create a coalition of white and black farmers ended in

a racist backlash that eliminated black voting in the South

29

The Political developments of the 1890s were largely shaped by

the most severe and extended economic depression up to that time

30

in the presidential election of 1868, Ulysses S. Grant

owned his victory to the votes of former slaves

31

In the late nineteenth century, those political candidates who campaigned by, "waving the bloody shirt," were reminding voters

of the "treason" of the Confederate Democrats during the Civil War

32

President Ulysses S. Grant was reelected in 1872 because

his opponents chose a poor candidate for the presidency

33

The presidential elections of the 1870s and 1880s

aroused great interest among voters

34

"Spoilsmen" was the label attached to those who

expected government jobs from their party's elected officeholders

35

The Major problem in the 1876 presidential election centered on

the two sets of election returns submitted by Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana

36

The Compromise of 1877 resulted in

the withdrawal of federal troops from the South

37

The legal codes that established the system of segregation were

called Jim Crow Laws

38

The Railroad strike of 1877 started when

the four largest railroads cut salaries by ten percent

39

Which of the following internal developments in China resulted in Chinese immigration to the United States?

All of the above

40

Abraham Lincoln was the first president to be assassinated while in office; the second was

James Garfield

41

President James A. Garfield was assassinated

by a deranged, disappointed office seeker

42

With the passage of the Pendleton Act, politicians now sought money from

big corporations

43

The 1884 election contest between James G. Blaine and Grover Cleveland was noted for

its personal attacks on the two candidates

44

Which one of the following Gilded Age presidents had a different party affiliation from the other four?

Grover Cleveland

45

When he was president, Grover Cleveland's hands-off approach to government gained the support of

businesspeople

46

The "Billion Dollar Congress" quickly disposed of rising government surpluses by

expanding pensions for Civil War veterans

47

Which of the following was not among the platform planks adopted by the Populist Party in their convention of 1892?

government guarantees of "parity prices" for farmers

48

The four states completely carried by the Populists in the election of 1892 were

Kansas, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada

49

Economic unrest and the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act led to the rise of the pro-silver leader

William Jennings Bryan

50

President Grover Cleveland aroused widespread public anger by his action of

borrowing $65 million in gold from J.P. Morgan's banking syndicate

51

The greatest political beneficiary of the backlash against President Cleveland in the Congressional elections of 1894 were

the republicans