The Constitution: Article III: The Courts Flashcards


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1

In terms of jurisdiction, the Supreme Court has

original and appellate.

2

Appellate jurisdiction refers to

the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case from a lower court.

3

Which statement best describes how the structure of the judicial branch affects its interpretation of the Constitution?

The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court may give the judicial branch multiple opportunities to interpret the Constitution.

4

Which would most likely fall under the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?

a case between two states

5

Which is a true statement about federal judges?

They serve lifetime terms.

6

People who make judgments in lower federal courts are called

judges.

7

The selection of federal judges by the executive branch is an example of

checks and balances.

8

An unanswered constitutional question about the judicial branch involves

what “good behavior” means, with regard to judicial terms.

9

Under which jurisdiction would further review of a federal court decision fall under?

appellate

10

Which best defines the term jurisdiction?

the authority given to the judicial branch

11

Which is the most likely reason the framers of the Constitution did not tell the judicial branch how to interpret the document?

They wanted the judicial branch to reach its own conclusions.

12

The Supreme Court is best characterized as

an appellate court.

13

The Constitution gives Congress the power to create federal courts

lower than the Supreme Court.

14

Under the Constitution, the judicial branch must try criminal cases with a ______ of one's peers.

jury

15

The diagram shows one way that cases reach the Supreme Court.

appellate jurisdiction.

16

Which statement best explains why Article III of the Constitution gives Congress the ability to create lower courts inferior to the Supreme Court "from time to time”?

The framers of the Constitution believed that as the country grew, more courts would be needed to meet its needs.

17

Compared with the executive and legislative branches, the main purpose of the judicial branch is

to interpret laws.

18

Which explains why Supreme Court justices are given lifetime appointments?

They protect justices from political pressure.