Civics and Participation: Interest Groups and Lobbying Flashcards


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created 2 years ago by BennySmith
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9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade
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american government
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1

If super political action committees (PACs) cannot donate directly to political campaigns, how do they best support the campaigns?

They run negative campaigns against opponents.

They pay for goods and services that can be donated.

They run independent campaigns in support of candidates.

They lobby Congress in support of candidates.

They run independent campaigns in support of candidates.

2

What is the main purpose of an interest group?

to influence government policy

to overthrow the government

to vote to pass laws in Congress

to fill key staff positions in the White House

to influence government policy

3

Do lobbyists exert influence among all three branches of government? Why or why not?

Yes, they advise on rules and legislation and file briefs with the courts.

No, they focus on developing legislation.

Yes, they influence the election of officials to all three branches.

No, the courts are immune to outside influences.

Yes, they advise on rules and legislation and file briefs with the courts.

4

Political action committees (PACs) are formed by

lobbyists.

interest groups.

political campaigns.

super PACs.

interest groups.

5

Which interest group is an example of an ideological interest group?

Animal Defense League

Save the Children Action Network

Senate Conservatives Fund

American Federation of Teachers

Senate Conservatives Fund

6

Read these words from the First Amendment to the Constitution.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

This amendment guarantees citizens the right to

bear arms against the government.

establish a national religion.

influence their representatives' decisions.

vote in elections.

influence their representatives' decisions.

7

Which of these are true of political action committees (PACs) but not of interest groups? Choose two answers.

PACs promote social causes.

PACs provide financial support to political campaigns.

PACs are international organizations.

PACs are supported by corporate interests.

PACs are regulated by the Federal Election Commission.

PACs provide financial support to political campaigns.

PACs are regulated by the Federal Election Commission.

8

Lobbyists are required to follow strict

state voting laws.

restrictions on free speech.

tax regulations on income.

legal and ethical standards.

legal and ethical standards.

9

Why must lobbyists register with the government and report their activities annually?

to provide transparency on how lobbyists and government officials interact

to ensure that corrupt practices can be tracked and taxed appropriately

to make sure that government employees are in the right buildings during working hours

to track which lobbyists are the most successful at influencing changes in policy

to provide transparency on how lobbyists and government officials interact

10

How does lobbying benefit the government?

Lobbying simplifies the decision-making process for lawmakers.

Lobbying presents all interests equally.

Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.

Lobbying ensures all citizens’ opinions inform government decisions.

Lobbying helps educate and inform lawmakers.