Unit 13 real estate Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 2 years ago by Hayley
962 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

Primary mortgage market

Loans are originated

Lender derives income from servicing loans

2

Secondary mortgage market

Helps lenders raise capital to continue making mortgage loans

Mortgage loans are purchased and assembled into packages

3

Federal Reserve System

Regulates interest rates

Maintains sound credit conditions

4

The Federal Reserve System regulates the flow of money and interest rates in the marketplace through its member banks by controlling their reserve requirements and discount rates.

true

5

The primary mortgage market helps lenders raise capital to continue making mortgage loans.

False

6

Would an FHA-insured loan be a good option for Adelaide?

yes

7

Would a VA-guaranteed loan be a good choice Adelaide?

yes

8

Would a conventional loan be a good option for Adelaide?

no

9

Farm Credit

Provides loans to farmers and ranchers

10

FSA

Helps borrowers purchase homes in rural areas

11

FHA

Offers loans with LTV up to 96.5%

Operating under HUD, it protects lenders from loss from borrower’s default

12

VA

No down payment required with no maximum loan amount restriction

13

Federal law requires that private mortgage insurance (PMI) must automatically terminate if a borrower has accumulated at least 20% equity in the home and is current on mortgage payments

False

14

The lender of an FHA-insured loan may not charge discount points in addition to a loan origination fee.

False

15

Buydown

A lump sum is paid in cash to the lender to reduce the borrower’s interest rate and monthly payments during the first few years of the loan.

16

Package loan

Real and personal property are financed together.

17

Home equity loan

The original mortgage loan remains in place while a second (junior) loan is obtained.

18

Sale-and-leaseback

A business owner sells real estate to an investor but remains on the property as a tenant.

19

A loan created when the seller agrees to finance all or part of the purchase price and receives a first or junior lien, depending on whether prior mortgage liens exist, is called a package loan.

False

20

When a loan application is rejected, the applicant must be provided with the reasons for the rejection within 10 business days.

False

21

TILA

Requires that consumers be notified of the sale of transfer of their mortgage loans

Requires that credit institutions inform borrowers of the true cost of obtaining credit

22

FCRA

Gives the loan applicant the right to a copy of the credit report

Requires notification within 30 days if a loan application is rejected

23

CRA

Helps banks meet communities' needs for low- and moderate-income housing

Requires the deposit and credit needs of local residents to be met

24

ECOA

Credit applications can be considered only on income, net worth, and credit rating

Prohibits discrimination in the lending process

25

Regulation Z was enacted pursuant to the Truth in Lending Act by the Federal Reserve Board.

true

26

For purposes of Regulation Z, a creditor is any person who extends consumer credit more than 25 times each year or more than 5 times each year if the transactions involve dwellings as security.

true

27

Loan origination fee

A charge to increase the lender’s yield (rate of return) on its investment

28

Prepayment penalty

A fee assessed against the unearned portion of the interest for any payments made ahead of schedule

29

Promissory note

A borrower’s written commitment to pay a debt

30

Usury

Charging interest in excess of the maximum rate allowed by law

31

Discount point

A charge by the lender to cover the expenses involved in generating the loan

32

Conventional loans are viewed as the most secure loans because their loan-to-value ratios are often lowest. Traditionally, the ratio is

80% of the value of the property.

33

Which types of loan includes both real and personal property?

Package

34

VA and FHA loans require all of the following EXCEPT

private mortgage insurance.

35

The conservatorship of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac is the responsibility of

the Federal Housing Finance Agency.

36

Regulation Z requires disclosure of all of the following EXCEPT

brokerage commissions.

37

A buyer purchased a new residence from a builder for $350,000. The buyer made a down payment of $30,000 and obtained a $320,000 mortgage loan. The builder of the house paid the lender 3% of the loan balance for the first year and 2% for the second year. This represented a total savings for the buyer of $16,000. What type of mortgage arrangement is this?

Buydown

38

A developer obtained a loan for 12 parcels of real estate. The loan provides for the release of the mortgage lien on each parcel when certain payments are made on the loan. What type of loan is this?

Blanket loan

39

All of the following are examples of loans to individuals that are affected by the Truth in Lending Act under Regulation Z EXCEPT

commercial use.

40

RESPA is a federal law that was enacted to protect consumers from all of the following in the settlement process EXCEPT

A)excessive escrow account deposits.B)kickbacks.C)referral fee requirements.D)property defects.

D)property defects.

41

What type of loan arrangement provides for the release of the mortgage lien on each parcel of a large group of properties when certain payments are made on the loan?

Blanket loan

42

Which federal law requires that finance charges be stated as an annual percentage rate (APR)?

Truth in Lending Act

43

The grantor becomes the lessee (tenant) and the grantee becomes the lessor (landlord) under which of the following financing arrangements?

Sale and leaseback

44

If the purchase price of a property exceeds its FHA-appraised property value

the buyer will qualify for an FHA-insured loan if the buyer pays the difference between FHA-appraised value and the purchase price in cash as part of the down payment.

45

The buyers purchased a model home and all its furnishings and appliances by using

a package loan.

46

The basic components of the real estate financing market are

primary mortgage market, secondary mortgage market, and government influences, primarily the Federal Reserve System.

47

A loan that includes both real and personal property is

a package loan.

48

After a borrower's default on home mortgage loan payments, the lender obtained a court order to foreclose on the property. At the foreclosure sale, the property sold for $164,000; the unpaid balance on the loan, at the time of foreclosure, was $178,000. What must the lender do to recover the $14,000 that the borrower still owes?

Seek a deficiency judgment

49

A borrower obtains a $100,000 home equity loan for 30 years at 6% interest. If the monthly payments of $599.55 are credited first to interest and then to principal, what will be the balance of the principal after the borrower makes the first payment?

$99,900.45

50

Some lenders derive added income from

servicing loans.

51

The document that sets forth the maximum loan guarantee to which a veteran is entitled is

the certificate of eligibility.

52

The maximum loan limits for loans sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are established by

the Federal Housing Finance Agency.

53

The Federal Reserve System divides the country into

12 federal reserve districts.

54

Which of the following is NOT a participant in the secondary mortgage market?

Credit union

55

If buyers seek a mortgage on a single-family house, they would be LEAST likely to obtain the mortgage from

A) a commercial bank

B)a life insurance company.

C)a credit union.

D)a mutual savings bank.

B)a life insurance company.

56

Regulation Z was enacted pursuant to the Truth in Lending Act by the Federal Reserve Board but enforcing the law is now primarily the responsibility of

he Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).

57

A mortgage broker is

an intermediary.

58

One of the federal laws requiring disclosure to a loan applicant who is rejected for a loan on the basis of a credit report is

the Fair Credit Reporting Act.

59

The lowest down payment requirements typically are those of

FHA.

60

The amount of a loan expressed as a percentage of the value of the real estate offered as collateral is

the loan-to-value ratio.

61

The Truth in Lending Act (TILA) provides penalties for noncompliance. A successful class action alleging that a creditor understated the APR and/or finance charge of the involved loans could make the creditor liable for punitive damages of

the lesser of $500,000 or 1% of the creditor's net worth, plus attorney's fees and court costs.

62

If a lender agrees to make a loan based on an 80% LTV, what is the amount of the loan if the property appraises for $114,500 and the sales price is $116,900?

$91,600

63

Who usually provides funds for FHA-insured loans?

Approved lenders